Associazione Calcio Milan, commonly referred to as A.C. Milan and simply Milan in Italy, is an Italian professional football club based in Milan, Lombardy. The club was founded in 1899 by English lace-maker Herbert Kilpin, Alfred Edwards, and four other Englishmen and has spent most of its history in the top flight of Italian football, having spent only two years in Serie B in the 1980s.
Domestically, Milan has won 17 league titles, making the club the third most successful in Serie A. The club shares the position with local rivals, Internazionale, while Juventus holds the record for most league titles with 27 titles won.The club has also won the Coppa Italia five times, in addition to five Supercoppa Italiana triumphs. The UEFA Cup (Europa League) remains the only major competition for which the team are eligible to compete in that they have never won. Milan was a founding member of the G-14 group and the European Club Association that was formed following the first organization's dissolution.
Milan's home games are played at San Siro, also known as the Stadio Giuseppe Meazza. The stadium, which is shared with rivals Internazionale, is the largest in Italian football, with a total capacity of 80,074. The owner of the club is Italian Prime Minister, Silvio Berlusconi while the vice-president is Adriano Galliani. Milan is one of the wealthiest clubs in Italian and world football.
History of A.C. Milan
Herbert Kilpin, the first captain of A.C. Milan
The club was founded as a cricket club in 1899 by British expatriates Alfred Edwards and Herbert Kilpin, who came from the British city of Nottingham. In honor of its origins, the club has retained the English spelling of its city's name, instead of changing it to the Italian Milano, although it was forced to do so during the fascist regime. It should be noted that the Italian pronunciation is actually MEE-lan, in the Italian style of not stressing the last syllable. Milan won its first Italian championship in 1901 and a further two in succession in 1906 and 1907.
In 1908, the club experienced a split caused by internal disagreements over the signing of foreign players, which led to the forming of another Milan-based team, Internazionale. Following these events, Milan did not manage to win a single domestic title until 1950–51. In 1963, the club ensured its first continental title by beating Benfica in the final of the European Cup.This success was repeated in 1969, and followed by an Intercontinental Cup title the same year.After the retirement of Gianni Rivera, Milan went into a period of decline, during which the club was involved in the 1980 Totonero scandal and relegated to Serie B as punishment, for the first time in its history. The scandal was centered around a betting syndicate paying players and officials to fix the outcome of matches. Milan quickly returned to Serie A but was relegated to Serie B one year later as the team ended its 1981–82 campaign in third last place.
In 1986, entrepreneur Silvio Berlusconi acquired the club and immediately invested a lot of money in the team, appointing rising coach Arrigo Sacchi at the helm of the rossoneri and signing a Dutch trio of Ruud Gullit, Marco van Basten and Frank Rijkaard. This was the beginning of the most successful time in the club's history, as Milan won seven domestic titles, five Champions League trophies, five UEFA Super Cups, two Intercontinental Cups and one Fifa Club World Cup.
More recently, the club was involved in the 2006 Serie A scandal where five teams were accused of fixing matches by selecting favorable referees. A police inquiry excluded any involvement of Milan managers, but FIGC unilaterally decided that it had sufficient evidence to charge Milan vice-president, Adriano Galliani. As a result, Milan was initially punished with a 15 point deduction and consequently did not qualify for the Champions League. An appeal saw that penalty reduced to eight points, which allowed the club to retain its 2006–07 Champions League participation. Milan subsequently won the competition, lifting the European Cup for the seventh time.
As of 20 February 2010, according to official site.
Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
1 GK Dida
4 DF Kakha Kaladze
5 DF Oguchi Onyewu
7 FW Alexandre Pato
8 MF Gennaro Gattuso (vice-captain)
9 FW Filippo Inzaghi
10 MF Clarence Seedorf
11 FW Klaas-Jan Huntelaar
12 GK Christian Abbiati
13 DF Alessandro Nesta
15 DF Gianluca Zambrotta
16 MF Mathieu Flamini
17 FW Gianmarco Zigoni
18 DF Marek Jankulovski
No. Position Player
19 DF Giuseppe Favalli
20 MF Ignazio Abate
21 MF Andrea Pirlo
22 FW Marco Borriello
23 MF Massimo Ambrosini (captain)
25 DF Daniele Bonera
30 FW Mancini (on loan from Internazionale)
31 GK Flavio Roma
32 MF David Beckham (on loan from L.A. Galaxy)
33 DF Thiago Silva
40 FW Dominic Adiyiah
44 DF Massimo Oddo
77 DF Luca Antonini
80 FW Ronaldinho
Out on loan
than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
49 FW Davide Di Gennaro (at Livorno until June 2010)
GK Ferdinando Coppola (co-ownership with Atalanta)
GK Davide Facchin (at Pavia until June 2010)
GK Michał Miśkiewicz (at Chievo until June 2010)
GK Daniel Offredi (co-ownership with Albinoleffe)
GK Marco Storari (at Sampdoria until June 2010)
DF Davide Astori (co-ownership with Cagliari)
DF Marco Bergamini (at San Marino until June 2010)
DF Matteo Bruscagin (at Gubbio until June 2010)
DF Matteo Darmian (at Padova until June 2010)
DF Digão (at Crotone until June 2010)
DF Marcus Diniz (at Livorno until June 2010)
DF Cristiano Dus (at Pordenone until June 2010)
DF Elia Legati (co-ownership with Crotone)
No. Position Player
DF Filippo Noventa (at Monza until June 2010)
MF Giorgio Gianola (at Varese until June 2010)
MF Harmony Ikande (at Monza until June 2010)
MF Patrick Kalambay (at Como until June 2010)
MF Wilfred Osuji (at Varese until June 2010)
FW Manuel Angelilli (at Pro Vercelli until June 2010)
FW Pierre Aubameyang (at Lille until June 2010)
FW Willy Aubameyang (at Eupen until June 2010)
FW Federico Furlan (at San Marino until June 2010)
FW Emanuele Orlandi (at Carpenedolo until June 2010)
FW Alberto Paloschi (co-ownership with Parma)
FW Luca Scapuzzi (at Portosummaga until June 2010)
FW Kingsley Umunegbu (at Varese until June 2010)
For all transfers and loans pertaining to A.C. Milan for the current season, please see; Summer 2009 transfers.
Primavera and youth department
For the Primavera squad and the youth teams, see A.C. Milan Primavera.
Main article: Retired numbers in association football
No. Player Position AC Milan career Notes
Official debut Last match
3 Paolo Maldini Centre-back, Left-back 20 January 1985 31 May 2009 Shall be restored if either of his sons play professionally for the club
6 Franco Baresi Sweeper 23 April 1978 1 June 1997
Main article: List of A.C. Milan players
For a list of all former and current Milan players with a Wikipedia article, see Category:A.C. Milan players.
Presidents and managers
Milan has had numerous presidents over the course of its history, some of which have been owners of the club while others have been honorary presidents. Here is a complete list of them.
Alfred Edwards 1899–1909
Giannino Camperio 1909
Piero Pirelli 1909–1928
Luigi Ravasco 1928–1930
Mario Bernazzoli 1930–1933
Luigi Ravasco 1933–1935
Pietro Annoni 1935
Rino Valdameri 1935–1936
Emilio Colombo 1936–1939
Achille Invernizzi 1939–1940
Umberto Trabattoni 1940–1944
Antonio Busini 1944–1945
Umberto Trabattoni 1945–1954
Andrea Rizzoli 1954–1963
Felice Riva 1963–1965
Federico Sordillo 1965–1966
Franco Carraro 1967–1971
Federico Sordillo 1971–1972
Albino Buticchi 1972–1975
Bruno Pardi 1975–1976
Vittorio Duina 1976–1977
Felice Colombo 1977–1980
Gaetano Morazzoni 1980–1982
Giuseppe Farina 1982–1986
Rosario Lo Verde 1986
Silvio Berlusconi 1986–2004
Presidential Commission 2004–2006
Silvio Berlusconi 2006–2008
Below is a list of Milan coaches from 1900 until the present day.
Name Nationality Years
Herbert Kilpin 1900–1908
Daniele Angeloni 1906–1907
Technical Commission 1907–1910
Giovanni Camperio 1910–1911
Technical Commission 1911–1914
Guido Moda 1915–1922
Ferdi Oppenheim 1922–1924
Vittorio Pozzo 1924–1926
Guido Moda 1926
Herbert Burgess 1926–1928
Engelbert König 1928–1931
József Bánás 1931–1933
József Viola 1933–1934
Adolfo Baloncieri 1934–1937
William Garbutt 1937
József Viola 1938–1940
Mario Magnozzi 1941–1943
Giuseppe Santagostino 1943–1945
Adolfo Baloncieri 1945–1946
Giuseppe Bigogno 1946–1949
Lajos Czeizler 1949–1952
Gunnar Gren 1952
Mario Sperone 1952–1953
Béla Guttmann 1953–1954
Antonio Busini 1954
Hector Puricelli 1954–1956
Giuseppe Viani 1957–1960
Paolo Todeschini 1960–1961
Nereo Rocco 1961–1963
Luis Carniglia 1963–1964
Name Nationality Years
Nils Liedholm 1963–1966
Giovanni Cattozzo 1966
Arturo Silvestri 1966–1967
Nereo Rocco 1966–1972
Cesare Maldini 1973–1974
Giovanni Trapattoni 1974
Gustavo Giagnoni 1974–1975
Nereo Rocco 1975
Paolo Barison 1975–1976
Giovanni Trapattoni 1976
Giuseppe Marchioro 1976–1977
Nereo Rocco 1977
Nils Liedholm 1977–1979
Massimo Giacomini 1979–1981
Italo Galbiati 1981
Luigi Radice 1981–1982
Italo Galbiati 1982
Francesco Zagatti 1982
Ilario Castagner 1982–1984
Italo Galbiati 1984
Nils Liedholm 1984–1987
Fabio Capello 1987
Arrigo Sacchi 1987–1991
Fabio Capello 1991–1996
Oscar Tabárez 1996
Giorgio Morini 1996–1997
Arrigo Sacchi 1997
Fabio Capello 1997–1998
Alberto Zaccheroni 1998–2001
Mauro Tassotti 2001
Fatih Terim 2001
Carlo Ancelotti 2001–2009
Club statistics and records
For more details on this topic, see List of A.C. Milan records and statistics.
Paolo Maldini presently holds both records for number of total and Serie A appearances for Milan with 1000 games played in total and 600 in Serie A (as of 14 May 2007, not including playoff matches), the latter being an all time Serie A record.
Milan's all time top goalscorer is a Swede, Gunnar Nordahl, who scored 221 goals for the club in 268 games. Andriy Shevchenko is in second place with 173 goals in 298 games for the club, and is the highest scoring present squad member, followed by Filippo Inzaghi, who has scored 101 goals in 220 games.
The club holds the unique record of having gone a whole season without losing a game, during the 1991–92 season. In total, that unbeaten streak lasted 58 games, starting with a 0–0 draw with Parma on 26 May 1991 and ironically ending with a 1–0 loss at home to Parma on 21 March 1993. This unbeaten streak is a Serie A record and is the third longest unbeaten run in top flight European football. It comes in behind Steaua Bucureşti's record of 104 unbeaten games and Celtic's 68 game unbeaten run.
Milan, along with Boca Juniors, has won the most FIFA recognized international club titles in the world.Milan is also ranked as the fifth best team in Europe in line with the UEFA Co-Efficient ranking system. This allows Milan to be in the number one spot for all European draws, meaning the team avoids other highly rated European teams in UEFA competitions.
Colors and badge
Milan's third kit during the 2007-08 season
Throughout the entire history of the club, it has been represented by the colors red and black. The colors were chosen to represent the players' fiery ardor (red) and the opponents' fear to challenge the team (black). Due to Milan's striped red and black shirts, the club has gained the nickname rossoneri.White shorts and black socks are worn as part of the home strip.
Milan's away strip has always been completely white. It is considered by both the fans and the club to be a lucky strip in Champions League finals, due to the fact that Milan has won six finals out of eight in an all white strip (losing only to Ajax in 1995 and Liverpool in 2005), while winning only one out of three in the home strip. The third strip changes yearly and is black with red trim for the current season, but it is rarely used.
For many years, Milan's badge was simply the Flag of Milan, which was originally the flag of Saint Ambrose.Another nickname derived from the club's colors is the Devil. An image of a red devil was used as Milan's logo at one point with a Golden Star for Sport Excellence located next to it.The star was awarded to the club when it won 10 league titles. Currently, the badge represents the club colors and the flag of the Comune di Milano, with the acronym ACM at the top and the foundation year (1899) at the bottom.
Curva Sud of the San Siro 1994
The team's current stadium is the 80,018 seat San Siro, officially known as Stadio Giuseppe Meazza after the former player who represented both Milan and Internazionale. The name San Siro is taken from the district where it's located. San Siro has been the home of Milan since 1926, when it was privately built by the club. The stadium has been shared with Internazionale since 1946, when the other major Milanese club was accepted as joint tenant. The stadium is renowned for its fantastic atmosphere due to the closeness of the stands to the pitch. The frequent use of flares by supporters contributes to the atmosphere but the practice has occasionally caused problems.
On 19 December 2005, Milan vice-president and executive director Adriano Galliani announced that the club is seriously working towards a relocation. He said that Milan's new stadium will be largely based on the Veltins-Arena and will follow the standards of football stadiums in the United States, Germany and Spain. It will likely be a stadium for football purposes only (with no athletics track). The new stadium is supposed to be named after a sponsor. It remains to be seen if this plan will proceed or if this is just a ploy to force the owners (Comune di Milano) to sell the stadium to Milan for a nominal fee so as to proceed with extensive renovations. The possibility of Internazionale vacating San Siro may affect proceedings.
Supporters and rivalries
Milan banner saying "Inter, the true comedy since
1908," with a caricature of Dante
Milan is one of the most supported football clubs in Italy, according to research conducted by Italian newspaper La Repubblica. Historically, Milan was supported by the city's working-class and trade unionists,a section of whom were migrants from Southern Italy. On the other hand, crosstown rivals Internazionale were mainly supported by the more prosperous and typically Milanese middle-class. One of the oldest ultras groups in all of Italian football, Fossa dei Leoni, originated in Milan.Currently, the main ultras group within the support base is Brigate Rossonere. Politically, Milan ultras have never had any particular preference, but the media traditionally associated them with the left-wing, until recently, when Berlusconi's presidency somewhat altered that view.
Genoa fans consider Milan a hated rival after Genoa fan, Vincenzo Spagnolo was tragically stabbed to death by a Milan supporter in January 1995. However, Milan's main rivalry is with neighbor club, Internazionale; both clubs meet in the widely anticipated Derby della Madonnina twice every Serie A season. The name of the derby refers to the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose statue atop the Milan Cathedral is one of the city's main attractions. The match usually creates a lively atmosphere, with numerous (often humorous or offensive) banners unfolded before the start of the game. Flares are commonly present and contribute to the spectacle but they have occasionally led to problems, including the abandonment of the second leg of the 2004–05 Champions League quarterfinal match between Milan and Inter on 12 April 2005, after a flare thrown from the crowd by an Inter supporter struck Milan keeper Dida on the shoulder.
Milan is one of the most successful clubs in Italy, having won a total of 29 trophies. Together with Boca Juniors,the club is the most successful in the world in terms of international competitions won, with a record of 14 European trophies and four World titles. Milan has earned the right to place a star on its club shirt in recognition of the fact that the club has won at least ten scudetti. In addition, the club is permanently allowed to display a multiple-winner badge on its shirt as it has won more than five European Cups.
Serie A / Italian Football Championship: 17
1901, 1906, 1907, 1950–51, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1958–59, 1961–62, 1967–68, 1978–79, 1987–88, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1995–96, 1998–99, 2003–04
Runners-up (15): 1902, 1910–11, 1911–12, 1947–48, 1949–50, 1951–52, 1955–56, 1960–61, 1964–65, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1989–90, 1990–91, 2004–05
Serie B: 2
Coppa Italia: 5
1966–67, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1976–77, 2002–03
Runners-up (7): 1941-42, 1967–68, 1970–71, 1974–75, 1984–85, 1989–90, 1997–98
Supercoppa Italiana: 5
1988, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2004
Runners-up (3): 1996, 1999, 2003
UEFA European titles
UEFA Champions League: 7
1962–63, 1968–69, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1993–94, 2002–03, 2006–07
Runners-up (4): 1957-58, 1992–93, 1994–95, 2004–05
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 2
Runners-up (1): 1973-74
UEFA Super Cup: 5
1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007
Runners-up (2): 1973, 1993
UEFA/CONMEBOL World titles
Intercontinental Cup: 3
1969, 1989, 1990
Runners-up (4): 1963, 1993, 1994, 2003
FIFA World titles
FIFA Club World Cup: 1
Regional international titles
Latin Cup: 2
Runners-up (1): 1953
Mitropa Cup: 1
A.C. Milan as a company
According to The Football Money League published by consultants Deloitte, in the 2005–06 season, Milan was the fifth highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €233.7 million. Currently, the club is also ranked as the sixth richest football club in the world by Forbes magazine, making it the richest in Italian football.
Fly Emirates is the current main sponsor for Milan's shirt starting for the 2010-11 season.
After 3 years with The Austrian online betting company, bwin.com as sponsors for Milan
Previous to Bwin deal, the German car manufacturer Opel had sponsored Milan for 12 seasons. For most of them, Opel was displayed on the front of the shirt, but in the 2003–04 and the 2005–06 seasons respectively, Meriva and Zafira (two cars from their range) were displayed.
The current shirts are supplied by German sportswear manufacturer Adidas, whose deal runs to the end of the 2017–18 season. The deal makes Adidas the official manufacturer of all kits, training equipment and replica outfits. Prior to Adidas, the Italian sports company Lotto produced Milan's sportswear.
On 14 January 2008, Milan and Adidas renewed the sponsorship contract until 30 June 2018. According to the new contract, Adidas will be responsible for 3 separate areas of sponsorship; the sponsorship on the shirt, the merchandising and the distribution of all non-football related Milan products.
Main article: A.C. Milan (Superleague Formula team)
Milan has a team in the new Superleague Formula race car series where teams are sponsored by football clubs. Robert Doornbos, formerly driving for Minardi and Red Bull Racing in the Formula One World Championship, drove for Milan in 2008. Doornbos won his first race for the team at Nürburgring, Germany. Giorgio Pantano is driving for Milan in the 2009 season and he has also won races for the team.