BORN: March 19, 1942, in Sao Paulo.
FAMILY: Father was an Italian immigrant and fruit stand seller, his mother a Brazilian housewife.
EDUCATION: Ph.D. in economics from Cornell University.
RESUME: As leader of the National Student Union, resisted the dictatorship in its early days. Forced into exile in Chile in 1965, fled to the U.S. after Chile's 1973 coup. In 1986, elected federal deputy from Sao Paulo. In 1992, elected to Senate. Under President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, served as planning minister and then health minister. Ran unsuccessful for president in 2002. Elected mayor of Sao Paulo in 2004 and governor of Sao Paulo state in 2006.