Saturday, December 25, 2010

2010 Formula One season

Sebastian Vettel, the 2010 World Champion

Fernando Alonso came in second behind Vettel by four points

Mark Webber, Vettel's teammate, finished third in the championship

The 2010 Formula One season was the 61st Formula One season. The technical and sporting regulations applicable for the season were the subject of much debate. Before the start of the season, 2009 Drivers' Champion Jenson Button joined McLaren, while the 2009 Constructors' Champion, Brawn GP, was bought by Mercedes-Benz and renamed Mercedes GP. The 2010 season also saw the return of the most successful driver in Formula One history, with Michael Schumacher coming out of retirement after a three-year absence. The season's first race was held on March 14 in Bahrain.
Red Bull won its maiden Constructors' Championship with a one-two finish in Brazil, while Sebastian Vettel won the Drivers' Championship with a win at the final race of the season. In doing so, Vettel became the youngest World Drivers' Champion in the sport's sixty-year history.
This was the last year that the Bridgestone tires were the tire supplier in Formula One.


Dispute over regulations and breakaway series
Main article: FIA–FOTA dispute
The Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) had planned to introduce a budget cap, in order to safeguard the sport during the current economic downturn. The proposal had an optional budget cap of €30 million ($45 million, £27 million), with greater technical and design freedoms allowed to teams who nominated to use it. The teams objected to what they believed would be a two-tier championship and five of the teams within the Formula One Teams Association (FOTA), Ferrari, BMW Sauber, Renault, Red Bull Racing and Toro Rosso announced their intentions to withdraw from the 2010 championship. BMW Sauber later announced on their withdrawal from Formula One at the end of the 2009 season, due to economic problems.
Following negotiations, the FOTA teams unanimously decided to withdraw at the end of the 2009 season unless the budget cap rules were changed. Williams and Force India both submitted their own entries and were temporarily suspended from FOTA,while the remaining teams submitted conditional entries for the 2010 season. The 2010 entry list was published by the FIA on 12 June, which included all 2009 teams and three new teams, Campos Meta, Virgin Racing and US F1 Team. Discussions between the FIA and FOTA failed to find a resolution to the budget cap issues and the eight FOTA teams announced intentions to form a breakaway series for 2010. However, following a meeting of the World Motor Sport Council on 24 June, FOTA agreed to remain in Formula One and FIA president Max Mosley confirmed he would not stand for re-election in October.
During a meeting on 8 July between the FIA and FOTA on future regulations, the teams walked out of the meeting after being informed that they were not entered for the 2010 season and could therefore have no input on regulatory discussions. In response it was announced that plans for a breakaway series were still being pursued.Negotiations on a new Concorde Agreement directly with CVC, the commercial rights holders, led to the eventual end of the dispute with its signing by the FIA on 1 August. The new Concorde Agreement will secure the sports future until its expiration in 2012.

The new season test schedule started on 1 December 2009 with a three-day 'Young Driver Test' (for drivers with fewer than three Formula One race starts to their name) at Spain's Circuito de Jerez. British Formula Three Champion Daniel Ricciardo was fastest for Red Bull Racing. As with 2009, the teams were allowed a maximum of 15,000 km (9,300 mi) over the course of fifteen days in February. Testing sessions were confirmed for Valencia (1–3 February), Jerez (10–13 February and 17–20 February), and Barcelona (25–28 February).All but Campos/Hispania and US F1 took part in the pre-season tests.

Testing sessions at Jerez were constantly interrupted by heavy rain.
Pre-season testing started at the Circuit Ricardo Tormo in Valencia with seven teams. Ferrari dominated the test session, with Felipe Massa setting the fastest lap times on days one and two. In his first appearance for the team, Fernando Alonso set the fastest overall time on the third day of the test with 1:11.470

Virgin Racing had aerodynamic problems during the tests in Jerez and Barcelona.
The second session took place at Circuito de Jerez, Spain with heavy downpours throughout the test. This also marked the first public test for new team Virgin Racing who only managed five laps after a shortage of parts became a problem. Lewis Hamilton set the fastest lap of the test during a dry Saturday session with 1:19.583.
The third test at Jerez for another four-day test was also affected by mixed weather conditions. Lotus Racing started its first public test with the T127. The penultimate and last days saw sunny weather with Jenson Button setting the fastest time (1:18.871).
The last pre-season test took place at Circuit de Catalunya, Barcelona. The test started in sunny weather with rain showers scattered through the weekend. Virgin's testing misery carried on with Lucas di Grassi crashing and more mechanical issues.Lewis Hamilton set the fastest lap of the week (1:20.472) with most teams doing low fuel runs on Sunday.

Car release schedule

ConstructorChassisLaunch dateLaunch location
FerrariF1028 JanuaryMaranello, Italy
McLarenMP4-2529 JanuaryNewbury, United Kingdom
RenaultR3031 JanuaryValencia, Spain
SauberC2931 JanuaryValencia, Spain
MercedesMGP W011 FebruaryValencia, Spain
Toro RossoSTR51 FebruaryValencia, Spain
WilliamsFW321 FebruaryValencia, Spain
VirginVR-013 FebruaryOnline
Force IndiaVJM039 FebruaryOnline
Red BullRB610 FebruaryJerez, Spain
LotusT12712 FebruaryLondon, United Kingdom
HRTF1104 MarchMurcia, Spain


Michael Schumacher returned to the grid with the Mercedes GP team.
In stark contrast to 2009, no one driver emerged as dominant in the early stages of the 2010 season. Fernando Alonso won the opening race of the season in Bahrain after Sebastian Vettel's engine misfired, with Alonso becoming just the sixth Ferrari driver to win on debut for the Italian team. Reigning World Champion Jenson Button claimed victory in Australia for the second year in succession, whilst Vettel won in Malaysia, setting up a unique situation that would last for the rest of the season whereby no driver would win a race while leading the World Championship.

Robert Kubica finished second in Australia.
Button became the first driver to win more than one race with victory in China, but Mark Webber would be the first to take back-to-back victories with wins in Spain and Monaco. Webber was leading the Turkish Grand Prix when team-mate Vettel attempted a pass on lap 40 that ended with the two Red Bulls colliding; Vettel retired whilst Webber recovered to finish third behind eventual race winner Lewis Hamilton and Jenson Button. Hamilton would match Webber's feat of back-to-back victories by claiming first place in Canada.

Lewis Hamilton leading Sebastian Vettel and Fernando Alonso at the Canadian Grand Prix. Hamilton won the race to take the drivers' championship lead.
The middle of the season saw controversy, starting at the European Grand Prix in Valencia following a disputed safety car ruling. Mark Webber collided with Heikki Kovalainen at the fastest point on the circuit, the collision destroying Webber's front wing and launching Webber into a somersault. The safety car was deployed immediately, joining the circuit behind race leader Vettel, but ahead of then-second placed Hamilton and the Ferraris of Alonso and Felipe Massa. Hamilton overtook the safety car as it emerged from the pit lane but after it had crossed the safety car control line. It took the race stewards twenty minutes to pass verdict on the infringement, and while Hamilton was issued with a drive-through penalty for his actions, it had little effect as he was already well clear of the rest of the field.
The British Grand Prix marked the halfway point of the season and was the source of further controversy, this time in the Red Bull garage as the "Red Bull Civil War" spilled over into open hostilities when team principal Christian Horner removed the team's Silverstone-spec front wing from Mark Webber's car and placed it on Vettel's for qualifying and the race after the German driver damaged his in the final practice session. Webber won the race after Vettel developed a puncture on the first lap and was forced to pit.
The German Grand Prix saw a return to form for Ferrari, with both Alonso and Massa quickest over the course of the race meeting. On the anniversary of his accident, Felipe Massa led most of the race before a message from the Ferrari pit appeared to be a coded instruction telling Massa to move over and let Alonso through, granting Alonso seven extra World Championship points for his ultimate win. Ferrari were fined US$100,000 for the use of team orders to deliberately alter the outcome of a race and faced further sanctions at a meeting of the FIA World Motor Sport Council in September where they face charges of bringing the sport into disrepute, though the hearing would ultimately acquit Ferrari on the grounds of a lack of evidence.
After finishing sixth in Germany, Webber won again in Hungary after Vettel broke an obscure safety car rule and was issued with a drive-through penalty that demoted him to third, while Lewis Hamilton won a wet Belgian Grand Prix from Mark Webber and Robert Kubica while Vettel was involved in a collision with Button that eliminated the incumbent World Champion whilst Vettel was handed his second drive-through penalty in as many races. Fernando Alonso retired after an uncharacteristic mistake in the wet. The European season ended in Italy, with Alonso claiming his third victory of the season and adding a fourth to his tally – and his first Grand Slam – in Singapore.
The 2010 season also saw the debut of three new teams, Virgin, Lotus and Hispania. The teams were often more than three seconds per lap slower than the established teams. After fighting reliability issues early in the season, the three teams soon established themselves with Lotus leading the way, their best result being a twelfth place for Heikki Kovalainen in Japan. Virgin struggled after discovering their fuel tank was too small, forcing them to push their development schedule back five races in order to build a car that could finish the race. Hispania were the slowest of the three, and by mid-season were rotating their drivers on a regular basis, but a pair of fourteenth places by Karun Chandhok in Australia and Monaco put the team ahead of Virgin in the Constructors' Championship for most of the season.
Red Bull reasserted their dominnce in Japan, with Vettel winning comfortably from Webber and Alonso third. They were prepared to continue their performance in a rain-delayed Korean Grand Prix, but an early accident eliminated Webber and a late engine failure for Vettel handed the victory to Alonso. Nico Hülkenberg claimed his maiden pole position for Williams by over a second in changing conditions in Brazil, but Red Bull went on to claim their fourth one-two finish of the season, claiming enough points to be declared World Constructors' Champions in just their sixth year of competition.
In the week leading up to the final race of the season, Red Bull repeated their intentions not to use team orders, a decision they were widely criticised for as allowing Mark Webber to finish ahead of Sebastian Vettel would have meant he trailed Fernando Alonso by just one point ahead of the race in Abu Dhabi. However, the Australian struggled to find speed across the weekend, qualifying behind Alonso and unable to find a way past the Ferrari driver for most of the race. Like Webber, Alonso had opted for an early pit stop in his tyre strategy, but emerged behind Russian rookie Vitaly Petrov. Taking into account the cars ahead of them that had yet to stop, this meant that Alonso would be running sixth on the road when he needed to finish fourth to claim the title.
McLaren's Jenson Button took the lead of the race when Sebastian Vettel pitted, the 2009 World Champion attempting to extend his lead enough to avoid a costly encounter with Robert Kubica after Lewis Hamilton got caught behind the Renault driver; passing Kubica would give him a chance to catch Vettel, who would resume the lead when Button pitted. Button needed a lead of twenty-two seconds to rejoin the circuit ahead of Kubica and Hamilton, but Kubica was able to match him on lap times and McLaren were forced to pit Button, who rejoined fourth behind his team mate, becoming third when Kubica pitted. While Kubica was expected to rejoin somewhere behind Mark Webber, Vitaly Petrov had held Webber and Alonso up enough that when Kubica completed his stop, he joined the circuit ahead of them, adding his name to the list of drivers Alonso needed to pass in order to win the World Championship. Sebastian Vettel won the race, with the McLarens second and third. Alonso was unable to find a way past Petrov and so finished seventh, handing the title to Vettel by four points. Abu Dhabi was the first time Sebastian Vettel had led the 2010 World Championship.

Teams and drivers

The following teams and drivers compete in the 2010 FIA Formula One World Championship. With the withdrawal of BMW and Toyota, engine diversity in Formula One dropped to a 30-year low, with just four engine producers powering the entire grid, the lowest since 1980.
Team Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre No. Race Drivers Rounds Test/Reserve Driver(s)
Vodafone McLaren Mercedes McLaren MP4-25 Mercedes FO 108X B 1 Jenson Button All Gary Paffett
2 Lewis Hamilton All
Mercedes GP Petronas F1 Team Mercedes MGP W01 Mercedes FO 108X B 3 Michael Schumacher All Nick Heidfeld
4 Nico Rosberg All
Red Bull Racing Red Bull RB6 Renault RS27-2010 B 5 Sebastian Vettel All Brendon Hartley
Daniel Ricciardo
David Coulthard
6 Mark Webber All
Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro Ferrari F10 Ferrari 056 B 7 Felipe Massa All Giancarlo Fisichella
Luca Badoer
Marc Gené
8 Fernando Alonso All
AT&T Williams Williams FW32 Cosworth CA2010 B 9 Rubens Barrichello All Valtteri Bottas
10 Nico Hülkenberg All
Renault F1 Team Renault R30 Renault RS27-2010 B 11 Robert Kubica All Ho-Pin Tung
Jérôme d'Ambrosio
Jan Charouz
12 Vitaly Petrov All
Force India F1 Team Force India VJM03 Mercedes FO 108X B 14 Adrian Sutil All Paul di Resta
15 Vitantonio Liuzzi All
Scuderia Toro Rosso Toro Rosso STR5 Ferrari 056 B 16 Sébastien Buemi All Brendon Hartley[
Daniel Ricciardo
David Coulthard
17 Jaime Alguersuari All
Lotus Racing Lotus T127 Cosworth CA2010 B 18 Jarno Trulli All Fairuz Fauzy
19 Heikki Kovalainen All
Hispania Racing F1 Team (HRT) HRT F110 Cosworth CA2010 B 20 Karun Chandhok 1–10 Christian Klien
Sakon Yamamoto
Karun Chandhok
Christian Klien 15, 18–19
Sakon Yamamoto 11–14, 16–17
21 10
Bruno Senna 1–9, 11–19
BMW Sauber F1 Team BMW Sauber C29 Ferrari 056 B 22 Pedro de la Rosa 1–14 n/a
Nick Heidfeld 15–19
23 Kamui Kobayashi[80] All
Virgin Racing Virgin VR-01 Cosworth CA2010 B 24 Timo Glock All Andy Soucek
Luiz Razia
Jérôme d'Ambrosio
25 Lucas di Grassi All

New entries process
The FIA announced its intention to open up the grid, aiming for a total of 13 teams, and in July 2009 selected three new teams from 15 new applicants, as well as confirming the entry of all 10 existing teams.The existing F1 teams, under the FOTA organisation, are understood to have agreed a system of technical support to assist new teams. This compromise proposal would involve the supply of parts and design knowledge to the new entrants, but not full customer cars, in return for which the budget cap idea was dropped. 
The three teams on the entry list released in July 2009 included Campos Meta, a Spanish team led by former driver and GP2 team owner Adrian Campos and Madrid-based sports advertising agency Meta Image; Manor Grand Prix, an F3 team run by John Booth and designer Nick Wirth; and USF1, a team created by former designer Ken Anderson and journalist Peter Windsor. Following the withdrawal of BMW Sauber, Lotus Racing was accepted to the grid. Manor became known as Virgin Racing after Richard Branson's Virgin Group purchased naming rights to the team, while Campos-Meta was reimagined as Hispania Racing after investor José Ramón Carabante purchased the team from Adrian Campos shortly before the first race of the season. USF1 officially withdrew from the championship in early March, following months of speculation and accusations from whistleblowers that the team had been crippled by mismanagement for months.
The FIA also had several entry bids from other racing teams including World Series by Renault and Le Mans entrant Epsilon Euskadi, Dave Richards' highly successful Prodrive outfit and Italian touring car team N.Technology as well as re-imaginings of former teams March, Brabham, Lola Cars and Team Lotus (not to be confused with Lotus Racing). Other expressions of interest came from Team Superfund, an Austrian outfit to be fronted by former driver Alex Wurz and, a team established by fans of the sport and funded by their donations. Experienced sports car and touring car entrant Ray Mallock Limited had intended to submit an entry bid, but decided against it following the mid-season political crisis.
Of the most interest to the media was Stefan Grand Prix, created by Zoran Stefanovic and hailed as Serbia's first Formula 1 team. Stefan claimed to have acquired the remains of Toyota's abandoned TF110 chassis and engine and had access to Toyota Motorsport's former headquarters in Cologne, Germany. After being rejected from the grid, Stefanovic filed a complaint with the European Commission over the entry selection process and then announced his intentions to continue development of the Toyota chassis, re-badged as the Stefan S-01, with the team even going so far as to send equipment to Bahrain, Australia and Malaysia. After several difficulties including the cancellation of a planned test in Portugal when Bridgestone refused to supply tyres, Stefan attempted to purchase the defunct USF1 entry, but the moves were blocked. Stefan was finally rejected on March 4 when the FIA stated that it was not possible to issue entries so close to the season opener.

Team changes
BMW announced on 29 July 2009 their withdrawal from Formula One at the end of the 2009 Formula One season, citing a lack of future viability and sustainability for the Formula One program. After a failed buy out from Qadbak Investments, the team was sold back to Peter Sauber. The FIA officially accepted the team to the 2010 grid under the name BMW Sauber on 3 December, using Ferrari engines after the Toyota withdrawal.
Toyota withdrew from Formula One on 4 November 2009, due to economic hardship. After announcing they would not sell the team on, their grid slot went to the Sauber team. Then, Stefan Grand Prix claimed that they had acquired rights to the Toyota Motorsport's former headquarters in Cologne and the TF110 that was renamed Stefan S-01.
Scuderia Toro Rosso became an independent constructor in 2010, after having their chassis supplied by the Red Bull Technologies design studio for the first years of racing. This had allowed the team to purchase customer chassis, despite the concept being banned by the FIA. This loophole was closed for 2010, meaning that the STR5 2010 car will be the first car Toro Rosso have built on their own, having spent most of 2009 expanding their base of operations in Faenza, Italy to accommodate production facilities.
Daimler AG, parent company of Mercedes-Benz, bought a 75.1% controlling stake in the 2009 champions Brawn GP, renaming the team Mercedes Grand Prix. Mercedes' former 40% stake in the McLaren Group will be purchased back by McLaren, although Mercedes will continue to supply McLaren engines and sponsorship until 2015. Mercedes signed a sponsorship deal with Petronas, with the Malaysian petroleum company ending its association with BMW Sauber, and the team was renamed to Mercedes GP Petronas Formula One Team.
Renault had sold Gerard Lopez and his Genii Capital investment company a 75% majority shareholding, in order to secure the teams future. The team will continue to operate under the Renault name and the engine department remains under full Renault ownership. The deal leaves the possibility for Renault to regain complete ownership once the global economic situation has stabilised.

Driver changes
Changed teams
Fernando Alonso left Renault to drive for Ferrari in 2010, replacing Kimi Räikkönen who left the team at the end of the 2009 season.Alonso has signed a three year deal up to the end of 2012, with options for further years.
Rubens Barrichello moved from Brawn to Williams.
Jenson Button joined Lewis Hamilton at McLaren following the failure to negotiate a contract with Mercedes GP, which bought out his 2009 team, Brawn GP. This meant that McLaren had signed the two most-recent World Champions, and had the sport's first double-champion line-up since Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost, also driving for McLaren, in 1989.
Timo Glock officially joined Virgin Racing, after leaving the Toyota Racing team.
Kamui Kobayashi, who made his dеbut for the now-defunct Toyota team at the end of 2009 covering for the injured Timo Glock, transferred to the newly revived Sauber team.
Heikki Kovalainen joined the new Lotus Racing team, after leaving McLaren.
Robert Kubica left BMW Sauber to drive for Renault in 2010, as a replacement for Alonso.
Nico Rosberg left Williams at the end of the 2009 season after four years with the team, moving to Mercedes GP.
Jarno Trulli moved from Toyota to Lotus Racing.
Entered Formula One

Bruno Senna made his dеbut with the new Hispania team.

Michael Schumacher returned to the sport with Mercedes GP after a 3-year hiatus.
Karun Chandhok, who placed eighteenth in the 2009 GP2 Series for Ocean Racing Technology, joined former iSport International team-mate Bruno Senna at Hispania Racing. Chandhok is the second Formula One driver from India, after Narain Karthikeyan drove for Jordan Grand Prix in 2005.
Lucas di Grassi, who placed third in the 2009 GP2 Series for Racing Engineering, joined Timo Glock at Virgin Racing.
Nico Hülkenberg, 2009 GP2 Series champion with ART Grand Prix, made his dеbut in Formula One with Williams, alongside Barrichello.
Vitaly Petrov, who placed second in the 2009 GP2 Series, moved from Barwa Addax to partner Robert Kubica at Renault, becoming Russia's first driver in the Formula One World Championship.
Bruno Senna, nephew of three-time World Champion Ayrton Senna, joined Hispania Racing in 2010, returning the Senna name to Formula One sixteen years after his uncle's death.

Exited Formula One
Giancarlo Fisichella became Ferrari's reserve and test driver in 2010, having left Force India and joined Ferrari towards the end of 2009. After failing to secure a racing drive, he signed up to take part in the Le Mans Series.
Romain Grosjean was unable to secure a contract with Renault, due to Petrov's appointment as Renault's second driver and will compete in the inaugural FIA GT1 World Championship for Matech Competition.
After a poor 2009 season, Williams driver Kazuki Nakajima was unable to secure a drive for 2010. On February 19, it was confirmed that he would join aspiring Serbian outfit Stefan Grand Prix, despite their lack of an entry to the grid.
Kimi Räikkönen is taking a one-year "sabbatical" from Formula One in 2010 after his managers confirmed that negotiations with McLaren officially came to an end. Räikkönen instead joined the Citroën Junior Team in the 2010 World Rally Championship, driving a Citroën C4 WRC in twelve of the thirteen rounds of the championship.

Returned to Formula One
Pedro de la Rosa returned to Formula One driving for the Sauber team, having previously served as test driver for McLaren. His return ends a three-year absence from racing, his last Grand Prix start being a half-season campaign in 2006.
Seven-time World Champion Michael Schumacher officially joined Mercedes GP on 23 December 2009, ending a three-year hiatus from the sport. Schumacher had originally intended to make a comeback with Ferrari in 2009 to stand in for the injured Felipe Massa, but was prevented from doing so by a motorcycle accident injury, and the Mercedes contract was not signed until he was given a clean bill of health. Schumacher previously raced for Mercedes in the 1991 World Sportscar Championship.
Mid-season Changes
Sakon Yamamoto, who last drove in Formula One for Spyker and tested for Renault, replaced Bruno Senna at Hispania for the British Grand Prix, having previously taken part in Friday practice at the Turkish Grand Prix. The team confirmed that Senna would return to his seat for the German Grand Prix.Yamamoto then replaced Karun Chandhok from the German Grand Prix onwards, except the races in Singapore, Brazil and Abu Dhabi, where the seat was filled by Christian Klien.
During the mid-season hiatus, Nick Heidfeld left Mercedes GP to take up a new role with Pirelli as their official test driver ahead of their return to Formula One.
Following the end of the European season at the Italian Grand Prix, Pedro de la Rosa was dropped by BMW Sauber and summarily replaced by Nick Heidfeld, who last drove for the team in 2009. It was reported that the change was made because of de la Rosa's poor performance relative to team mate Kamui Kobayashi in general and Heidfeld's knowledge of the Marina Bay and Yas Marina circuits in particular. With Heidfeld joining Sauber, former Renault driver Romain Grosjean was drafted in as his replacement for Pirelli.
Hispania Racing test driver Christian Klien replaced Sakon Yamamoto for the Singapore Grand Prix after Yamamoto allegedly contracted food poisoning ahead of the race, but was later seen in the Singapore paddock suffering no apparent symptoms, sparking talk of unpaid debts by the Japanese driver and further financial afflictions for the team to deal with when the logo of one of Klien's personal sponsors appeared on the car for the weekend. Team principal Colin Kolles confirmed that the arrangement would be for one race and Yamamoto would return to the cockpit at Suzuka provided he recovered in time. Klien also replaced Yamamoto at Interlagos and Abu Dhabi, though no explanation was given for the change.

2010 calendar

On 21 September 2009 the provisional 2010 calendar was issued by the World Motor Sport Council containing 19 races, followed by a second provisional schedule which had the Abu Dhabi and Brazilian Grands Prix switching dates. The final calendar was released on December 11, 2009.
Round Race Title Grand Prix Circuit Date Time
Local UTC
1 Gulf Air Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain GP Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir 14 March 15:00 12:00
2 Qantas Australian Grand Prix Australian GP Albert Park Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne 28 March 17:00 06:00
3 Petronas Malaysian Grand Prix Malaysian GP Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur 4 April 16:00 08:00
4 Chinese Grand Prix Chinese GP Shanghai International Circuit 18 April 15:00 07:00
5 Gran Premio de España Telefónica Spanish GP Circuit de Catalunya, Barcelona 9 May 14:00 12:00
6 Grand Prix de Monaco Monaco GP Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 16 May 14:00 12:00
7 Turkish Grand Prix Turkish GP Istanbul Park 30 May 15:00 12:00
8 Grand Prix du Canada Canadian GP Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal 13 June 12:00 16:00
9 Telefónica Grand Prix of Europe European GP Valencia Street Circuit 27 June 14:00 12:00
10 Santander British Grand Prix British GP Silverstone Circuit 11 July 13:00 12:00
11 Großer Preis Santander von Deutschland German GP Hockenheimring 25 July 14:00 12:00
12 Eni Magyar Nagydíj Hungarian GP Hungaroring, Budapest 1 August 14:00 12:00
13 Belgian Grand Prix Belgian GP Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Spa 29 August 14:00 12:00
14 Gran Premio Santander d'Italia Italian GP Autodromo Nazionale Monza 12 September 14:00 12:00
15 SingTel Singapore Grand Prix Singapore GP Marina Bay Street Circuit 26 September 20:00 12:00
16 Japanese Grand Prix Japanese GP Suzuka Circuit, Suzuka 10 October 15:00 06:00
17 Korean Grand Prix Korean GP Korean International Circuit, Yeongam 24 October 15:00 06:00
18 Grande Prêmio Petrobras do Brasil Brazilian GP Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 7 November 14:00 16:00
19 Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Abu Dhabi GP Yas Marina Circuit 14 November 17:00 13:00

Calendar changes
The Bahrain Grand Prix was run on a new layout at the Bahrain International Circuit. In this configuration, the drivers leave the old circuit shortly after turn four and follow a loop of nearly 900 metres in length, before re-joining the circuit before the old turn five. This increased the overall lap distance from 5.412 km (3.363 mi) to 6.299 km (3.914 mi). The race will revert to the circuit's original layout from 2011.
The British Grand Prix was originally planned to move from Silverstone Circuit to Donington Park in 2010, but the owners of Donington Park failed to raise the necessary £135 million bond to redevelop the circuit and infrastructure. After extended negotiations with Bernie Ecclestone, the organisers of Silverstone came to an agreement that will see the British Grand Prix hosted by the circuit for the next seventeen years, utilising the new "Arena" configuration which increases lap distance by 760 metres (0.47 mi).
The Canadian Grand Prix returned in 2010 after its one-year absence.
The Japanese Grand Prix was due to return to Fuji Speedway for 2010, as part of a year-on-year rotation with Suzuka Circuit. However, Fuji's owners Toyota announced that they had abandoned plans for Fuji to hold the race, citing the global recession as the main reason for this. Suzuka will continue to hold the event in 2010 and in 2011.
South Korea made its first appearance on the F1 calendar under the name Korean Grand Prix with a race being held at the Korean International Circuit in Yeongam on 24 October. On the 12th October, the circuit passed its inspection.


Rule changes
Refuelling during the race is abolished for the first season since 1993.Despite the resolution over the budget cap and the decision for 2010 to fall back to the 2009 rules, FOTA have expressed interest in a refuelling ban as it represents a way to cut costs.

The 2010 cars are 20-22cm longer than the 2009 versions because of the larger fuel tank.
In order to accommodate the extra teams, the maximum number of cars allowed to take part in a race is increased from 24 to 26 cars. Formula One Management will offer financial support to all new teams for 2010, in the form of $10m (£6.25m, €6.8m) along with the free transportation of two chassis and 10,000 kg (22,049 lbs) of freight to each race. The increased number of teams now requires garages to be allocated on an equal basis at each Grand Prix.
Teams must homologate certain parts of the car, including the driver's survival cell, roll structures, all impact structures and the front and rear wheels,] meaning they cannot be modified over the course of the season without written approval from the FIA on safety or reliability grounds. The minimum car weight is increased from 605 kg to 620 kg (1,334 lbs to 1,367 lbs) to better accommodate heavier drivers with KERS systems, despite FOTA's agreement not to use the system.
The qualifying system will change to accommodate the extra cars: 7 cars will drop out of the first qualifying session, 7 from the second session and 10 cars will challenge for pole in the third session. The third session will now be run in low-fuel configuration due to the refuelling ban, although these drivers must start the race on the set of tyres used in the third session. In the event that a tyre is damaged in qualifying, the FIA technical delegate will assess the extent of the damage and may allow the car to switch tyres to a set he deems to be safe.

The front tyres have changed from 270 mm (11 in) to 245 mm (9.6 in).
Drivers have eleven sets of tyres over the course of a weekend, reduced from the fourteen sets in 2009. Three of these sets are for practice only and are returned before the start of qualifying, regardless of whether they are used or not. The front tyres are narrowed from 270 mm (11 in) to 245 mm (9.6 in), in order to improve the balance of grip between the front and rear. Wheel covers and rim heaters have been banned, and tyre blankets are only allowed to act on the tyre's outer surface.
A new points system has been ratified for 2010, in response to the increased grid. Since 2003, points had been awarded to the top eight finishers, on a 10-8-6-5-4-3-2-1. The 2010 system awards the top ten classified finishers on a 25-18-15-12-10-8-6-4-2-1 basis.
The stewarding system has a fixed pool of stewards to draw from for each race, including former racing drivers, instead of a rotating line-up. This is to make the stewarding process more transparent, following recent controversies involving the stewards. Previously, stewards were only able to issue twenty-five second penalties for infractions that occurred too late in the race for drivers to receive a normal penalty, but for 2010 they will have the power to hand out twenty-second penalties to drivers who would have received a drive-through penalty and thirty-second penalties to those who would have received a stop-go penalty. A penalty must now be completed within two laps of the issuing rather than the three of previous years.
Replacement drivers will be permitted to one day of testing, provided they have not participated in an F1 race in the last two calendar years. This was in response to several drivers in 2009 competing in their début weekend with no experience of their F1 car. Teams are also allowed to run a replacement driver in the Friday practice sessions.
Powered devices that lift any part of the car during the pit-stop have been banned, and to prevent teams from releasing a car into the path of an oncoming driver in pit lane, the crew must wait until the oncoming driver that is within a 25 m (82 ft) zone either side of the pit box has passed.
The Concorde Agreement, which governs Formula One, was renewed at the 2009 Hungarian Grand Prix. Several cost-cutting proposals were included, such as a limit on the number of aerodynamic upgrades permitted over the course of a season and restrictions on the number of team personnel who attend a Grand Prix weekend.Also included was a Provision that teams will now be able to miss as many as three races before being ejected from the championship, although the FIA will incur some kind of penalty for a missed race.

Mid-season changes
A new parc fermé system, trialled in Bahrain, had cars sealed inside a bag within the team garages and monitored by low-resolution cameras, switching to a high-definition output if it sensed movement within the garage. The system was made a permanent procedure for parc ferme from the Australian Grand Prix.
Wing mirrors – previously treated as aerodynamic aids instead of for the drivers benefit – may no longer be mounted in the "outboard" position, following concerns about poor visibility which resulted in several cases of accidental blocking in Melbourne. The ban was effective from the Spanish Grand Prix onwards.
Following the success of the Canadian Grand Prix, tyre supplier Bridgestone announced its intentions to increase the difference between its compounds for the German Grand Prix, meaning that the teams have to deal with the extremes in the rubber compounds.
At the FIA World Motor Sport Council meeting in Geneva, on June 23, the rules regarding safety car conditions were clarified following a final-lap incident involving Michael Schumacher and Fernando Alonso at the Monaco Grand Prix. No car may overtake until it has passed the first safety car line for the first time when the safety car is returning to the pits. However, if the safety car is still deployed at the beginning of the last lap, or is deployed during the last lap, it will enter the pit lane at the end of the lap and the cars will take the chequered flag as normal without overtaking.
Any car being driven unnecessarily slowly, erratically, or which is deemed potentially dangerous to other drivers, will be reported to the stewards. This will apply whether any such car is being driven on the track, the pit entry or the pit lane. In order to avoid coming under the scrutiny of the stewards, a driver must return to the pits within a pre-determined lap time set by the stewards.
If a sample of fuel is required after a practice session the car concerned must have first been driven back to the pits under its own power. This was a response to qualifying at the Canadian Grand Prix when Lewis Hamilton stopped on the circuit after his team informed him that he may not have enough fuel left in the tank for the sample to be taken after the session. Although no action was taken against Hamilton, the stewards moved to prevent teams from deliberately doing it in the future.
Following a minor controversy when Ferrari conducted a "filming day" at Fiorano ahead of the European Grand Prix using a car that included parts to be debuted at the race – which some felt was an attempt to circumvent bans on testing – changes were made to the rulebook that mean teams will be banned from running parts that have not been raced at a filming session or media event.
Ferrari and Red Bull were both accused of having front wings that flexed at high speed, pushing them closer to the ground than is allowed. Although no wing ever failed scrutineers' tests, as of the Belgian Grand Prix the test was made more stringent by increasing the load applied to the wings. Similar changes were made at the Italian Grand Prix to the test of the front section of the floor under the nose (known as the bib).

Sponsorship changes
ING originally decided to end its involvement with Formula One at the end of the 2009 season, which included title sponsorship of Renault along with the Australian, Hungarian and Belgian Grands Prix. The company cited the global economic crisis as the reason for its decision not to renew its involvement. However, the company decided to terminate the sponsorship with Renault early after Renault was found guilty of having fixed the 2008 Singapore Grand Prix.
RBS will also not renew its sponsorship of Williams beyond the end of 2010. RBS will also cancel its trackside sponsorship as of the start of 2010.
Virgin Group have bought a 20% stake of Manor Grand Prix and plan to rename the team. This was confirmed in the entry list released on November 30, with the team being renamed Virgin Racing.
At the 2009 Italian Grand Prix, Banco Santander announced a five-year deal with Ferrari to become the team's "main" sponsor starting in 2010; McLaren later announced that their partnership with Banco Santander had been extended although Santander logos are no longer visible on their cars.
Following controversy after a group of doctors alleged that the team's Marlboro branding contained subliminal advertising, Ferrari removed the "barcode" design from their cars ahead of the Spanish Grand Prix, replacing it with a white box which has been subsequently removed.
Malaysian oil company Petronas will end its long-running association with BMW Sauber as of 2010, and instead move to Mercedes GP as title sponsor. The team will be known as Mercedes GP Petronas. The logos of Monster Energy Drink were added to the helmets of Mercedes drivers Michael Schumacher and Nico Rosberg ahead of the final practice session in Bahrain.
News network CNN will join Lotus, with their logos appearing on the T127 for the 2010 season.
McLaren has announced a partnership deal with Polish Foreign exchange company X-Trade Brokers with XTB logos featuring on the race overalls of drivers Jenson Button and Lewis Hamilton, and on the engine cover of the McLaren MP4-25.
Renault have agreed a sponsorship deal with DIAC which will feature the company's logo on the side pods of Robert Kubica and Vitaly Petrov's cars from the Australian Grand Prix to the Hungarian Grand Prix. The team will carry the logo of Russian car manufacturer Lada; Russian driver Vitaly Petrov will carry it on his racing overalls, and they have also begun a sponsorship deal with computer company Hewlett-Packard with the HP logos appearing on the engine cowling of the Renault R30, returning to Formula One for the first time since 2005, when the company sponsored Williams, while Dutch watch brand TW Steel has been confirmed as the first new sponsor of the Renault F1 Team, as the "Official Timing Partner", in a three-year deal running until 2012.
Hispania were seen in Bahrain carrying the logos of Brazilian telephone provider Embratel and bank Banco Cruzeiro do Sul. The sidepods of the Hispania F110 also carried the names of their drivers, similar in style to the West McLaren-Mercedes livery in countries where tobacco sponsorship was banned between 1997 and 2005.
After running a blank livery for the first four races of the 2010 season, BMW Sauber announced a deal to carry the logos of the Spanish arm of the Burger King fast food franchise at the Spanish and European Grands Prix.
LG Electronics, as well as sponsoring Formula One since 2009, are also sponsoring the Virgin Racing and Lotus Racing teams, and the returning engine supplier Cosworth. On 23 July, it was revealed that LG Electronics will also sponsor the Red Bull team.

Safety Car
The new Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG was introduced as the Safety Car for 2010. The SLS AMG is the fastest Formula One safety car in history.
Following controversy at the European Grand Prix, the safety car rules were revised ahead of the British Grand Prix. In the event of a safety car deployment, drivers are given a "delta time" – 120% of a standard race lap (i.e. if the standard lap time is one minute, forty seconds, the delta time is two minutes) – a minimum lap time in which to get back to the pits or else be cited for speeding. However, following the Webber-Kovalainen crash in Valencia, several drivers were penalised for breaking the delta time as they had been racing ahead of the accident and the safety car was deployed as they approached the end of the lap; in effect, they had safely completed a lap at racing speeds and pitted at the earliest opportunity. Instead of following the delta time, drivers must slow down to the speed of the safety car from the moment it is deployed, but will be exempt from doing so for the final two hundred metres of the lap. As a result of this, it will prevent drivers from gaining an advantage by pitting at the earliest possible opportunity and emerging ahead of the safety car.


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