|Made in China" label on a D-Link Gigabit Ethernet switch.,|
Made in China or "Made in P.R.C." (simplified Chinese: 中国制造; traditional Chinese: 中國製造; pinyin: zhōngguó zhìzào) is a mark affixed to products manufactured in the People's Republic of China, specifically mainland China. While Hong Kong and Macau are special administrative regions of China, most products made in those regions are labeled as "Made in Hong Kong" and "Made in Macau", respectively. Although the name "China" is used by both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China, the label "Made in China" is generally affixed to products made in the former. Products made in the Republic of China do not use the "Made in China" label. Rather, they use "Made in Taiwan", "Made in R.O.C." or a combination of both is also possible, "Made in Taiwan, R.O.C."
Made in China
Made in China is one of the most recognizable labels in the world today due to rapidly developing China's large manufacturing industry. The country is the largest exporter in the world and the made in china label can be seen on a huge range of goods from clothing to electronics.
Some companies, such as Apple, choose to label their products with "Designed by Apple in California, Assembled in China" to indicate that even though the products are made in China, the original design was from the US. However, US law requires the country of origin of the product to be clearly displayed on the product, or on the product's container if it is enclosed.
2007 Chinese Export Recall
Main article: 2007 Chinese export recalls
The 2007 Chinese export recalls were a series of scandals involving tainted food and products exported from China, starting with tainted pet food imported from China to the United States that poisoned pets. The recalls sparked international concern that many products made in China do not meet minimum quality standards. Soon after, the US halted imports of seafood from China after tests detected the presence of drugs unapproved in the US. China has gone on record to admit that nearly a fifth of products made in China do not reach minimum standards. Also, some children's toys made in China were found to contain excessive levels of lead, prompting widespread concern. In 2006, shipments of cough syrup and other medicines, imported from China to Panama and laden with the toxin diethylene glycol, caused mass poisonings and killed 83 people.
On December 19, 2007, The US House of Representatives passed legislation (H.R. 4040) that would significantly amend the current U.S. safety establishment for consumer products imported from China.
2008 Chinese milk scandal
Main article: 2008 Chinese milk scandal
One year later, the 2008 Chinese milk scandal refers to a food safety incident in mainland People's Republic of China involving milk and infant formula which had been adulterated with melamine, an organic base combined with formaldehyde to form plastic. The result was catastrophic - By 22 September, nearly 53,000 illnesses, over 12,800 hospitalizations, and four infant deaths had been reported, caused by kidney stones and other renal failure.The chemical appeared to have been added to milk in order to cause it to appear to have a higher protein content. The same chemical was also involved in a series of pet food recalls in 2007. In November 2009, two individuals were executed for endangering public safety and producing and selling toxic food
2009 Made in India scandal
In June 2009, the Nigerian Government Drug Regulatory Authority (NAFDAC) reported about the detention of a large consignment of fake anti-malarial generic pharmaceuticals labeled Made in India but produced in China. The Laboratory analysis conducted by NAFDAC revealed the drugs to be fake and had it not been intercepted, about 64,200 adults would have been affected. The consignment containing Maloxine and Amalar tablets, used for the treatment of Malaria, were valued at 32.1 million Naira and were produced, packed and shipped from China. After Indian Authorities took up the matter, The State Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) of China was asked to investigate the matter. In December 2009, 6 chinese traders were sentenced to death for their involvement
In July 2009, customs officials in the South Indian port city of Chennai seized spurious cosmetics and mobile phone batteries worth Rs. 30 million, imported into India from Scheko in China. The 40 foot container was held up at the port for more than 75 days and opened on 13th July when the importer did not file a bill of entry. It was reported to contain over 187,000 batteries with Nokia holograms and stickers, and 126,000 cosmetic items including face packs, lipsticks and hair gels.
In December 2009, the Chinese government launched an advertisement campaign on CNN to promote Made in China goods.