The England and Wales cricket team (Welsh: Tîm criced Lloegr) is a cricket team which represents England and Wales. Since 1 January 1997 it has been governed by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB), having been previously governed by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) from 1903 until the end of 1996.
England and Australia were the first teams to be granted Test status on 15 March 1877 and they gained full membership to the International Cricket Council (ICC) on 15 June 1909. England and Australia also took part in the first One Day International (ODI) on 5 January 1971. England are the current holders of the Ashes, which is the Test match series contest between England and Australia and which has been played since the 1882–83 Australian season.
As of 7 January 2011, England has won 321 of the 908 Test matches played (drawing in 326), and is ranked third in the ICC Test Championship. England's One Day International record includes finishing as runners-up in 3 Cricket World Cups (1979, 1987 and 1992), and again as runners up in the ICC Champions Trophy in 2004. The team is currently in fifth place in the ICC ODI Championship.
England's first international Twenty20 match was played on 13 June 2005 against Australia. The England team are the current ICC World Twenty20 champions having won the 2010 ICC World Twenty20, beating Australia by seven wickets in the final.
History of the England Cricket Team pre 1939 and History of the England Cricket Team since 1945.
|The first England team to tour Australia.|
The first recorded incidence of a team with a claim to represent England comes from 9 July 1739 when an "All-England" team, which consisted of eleven gentlemen from any part of England exclusive of Kent, played against "the Unconquerable County" of Kent and lost by a "very few notches". Such matches were repeated on numerous occasions for the best part of a century.
In 1846 William Clarke formed the All-England Eleven. This team would eventually compete against a United All-England Eleven with annual matches occurring between 1857 to 1866. These matches were arguably the most important contest of the English season, if judged by the quality of the players.
The first overseas tour occurred in September 1859 with England touring North America. This team had six players from the All-England Eleven, six from the United All-England Eleven and was captained by George Parr.
With the outbreak of the American Civil War, attention turned elsewhere with the inaugural tour of Australia taking place in 1861–2. English tourists visited Australia and New Zealand in 1861–62 with this first tour organised as a commercial venture by Mssrs Spiers and Pond, restaurateurs of Melbourne. Most tours prior to 1877 were played "against odds", with the opposing team fielding more than 11 players in order to make for a more even contest. This first Australian tour were mostly against odds of at least 18 to 11.
The tour was so successful that George Parr led a second tour in 1863-4. James Lillywhite led a subsequent England team which sailed on the P&O steamship Poonah on 21 September 1876. They would play a combined Australian XI, for once on even terms of 11 a side. The match, starting on 15 March 1877 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground came to be regarded as the inaugural Test match. The combined Australian XI won this Test match by 45 runs with Charles Bannerman of Australia scoring the first Test century. At the time, this match carried little significance and was classed as another tour match and was labelled as the James Lillywhite's XI v South Australia and New South Wales. The first Test match on English soil occurred in 1880 with England winning this series 1–0. The series was also the first for England to field a fully representative side with W.G. Grace being present in the team.
England would lose their first home series 1–0 in 1882 with The Sporting Times famously printing an obituary on English cricket:
“ In Affectionate Remembrance of ENGLISH CRICKET, which died at the Oval on 29th AUGUST, 1882, Deeply lamented by a large circle of sorrowing friends and acquaintances R.I.P. N.B. - The body will be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia. ”
As a result of this loss the tour of 1882–83 was dubbed by England captain Ivo Bligh as "the quest to regain the ashes". England with a mixture of amateurs and professionals won the series 2–1. Bligh was presented with an urn that contained some ashes, which have variously been said to be of a bail, ball or even a woman's veil and so The Ashes was born. A fourth match was then played which Australia won by 4 wickets but the match was not considered part of the Ashes series. England would dominate many of these early contests with England winning the Ashes series 10 times between 1884–98. During this period England also played their first Test match against South Africa in 1889 at Port Elizabeth.
The 1899 Ashes series was the first tour where the MCC and the counties appointed a selection committee. There were three active players: Lord Hawke, W.G. Grace and HW Bainbridge who was the captain of Warwickshire. Prior to this, England teams for home Tests had been chosen by the club on whose ground the match was to be played.
The turn of the century saw mixed results for England as they lost four of the eight Ashes series between 1900 and 1914. During this period England would lose their first series against South Africa in the 1905/06 season 4–1 as their batting faltered. The 1912 season saw England take part in a unique experiment. A nine Test triangular tournament involving England, South Africa and Australia was set-up. The series was hampered by a very wet summer and player disputes however and the tournament was considered a failure with the Daily Telegraph stating:
“ Nine Tests provide a surfeit of cricket, and contests between Australia and South Africa are not a great attraction to the British public. ”
With Australia sending a weakened team and the South African bowlers being ineffective England dominated the tournament winning four of their six matches. The Australia v South Africa match, at Lord's, was notable for a visit by King George V, the first time a reigning monarch had watched Test cricket. England would go on one more tour against South Africa before the outbreak of World War I.
England's first match after the war was in the 1920–21 season against Australia. Still feeling the effects of the war England went down to a series of crushing defeats, and suffered their first whitewash losing the series 5–0. Six Australians scored hundreds while Mailey spun out 36 English batsmen. Things were no better in the next few Ashes series losing the 1921 Ashes series 3–0 and the 1924–5 Ashes 4–1. England's fortunes were to change in 1926 as they regained the Ashes and were a formidable team during this period dispatching Australia 4–1 in the 1928–29 Ashes tour.
On the same year the West Indies became the fourth nation to be granted Test status and played their first game against England. England won each of these three Tests by an innings, and a view was expressed in the press that their elevation had proved a mistake although Learie Constantine did the double on the tour. In the 1929–30 season England went on two concurrent tours with one team going to New Zealand (who were granted Test status earlier that year) and the other to the West Indies. Despite sending two separate teams England won both tours beating New Zealand 1–0 and the West Indies 2–1.
|Bill Woodfull evades a Bodyline ball. Note the number of leg-side fielders.|
The 1930 Ashes series saw a young Don Bradman dominate the tour, scoring 974 runs in his seven Test innings. He scored 254 at Lord's, 334 at Headingley and 232 at the Oval. Australia regained the Ashes winning the series 3–1. As a result of Bradman's prolific run-scoring the England captain Douglas Jardine chose to develop the already existing leg theory into fast leg theory, or bodyline, as a tactic to stop Bradman. Fast leg theory involved bowling fast balls directly at the batsman's body. The batsman would need to defend himself, and if he touched the ball with the bat, he risked being caught by one of a large number of fielders placed on the leg side.
|English cricket team at the test match held at the Brisbane Exhibition Ground.|
England won the match by a record margin of 675 runs.
Using his fast leg theory England won the next Ashes series 4–1. But complaints about the Bodyline tactic caused crowd disruption on the tour, and threats of diplomatic action from the Australian Cricket Board, which during the tour sent the following cable to the MCC in London:
“ Bodyline bowling assumed such proportions as to menace best interests of game, making protection of body by batsmen the main consideration. Causing intensely bitter feeling between players as well as injury. In our opinion is unsportsmanlike. Unless stopped at once likely to upset friendly relations existing between Australia and England. ”
Later, Jardine was removed from the captaincy and the laws of cricket changed so that no more than one fast ball aimed at the body was permitted per over, and having more than two fielders behind square leg were banned.
England's following tour of India in the 1933–34 season was the first Test match to be staged in the subcontinent. The series was also notable for Morris Nichols and Nobby Clark bowling so many bouncers that the Indian batsman wore solar topees instead of caps to protect themselves.
Australia won the 1934 Ashes series 2–1 and would keep the urn for the following 19 years. Many of the wickets of the time were friendly to batsmen resulting in a large proportion of matches ending in high scoring draws and many batting records being set.
The 1938–39 tour of South Africa saw another experiment with the deciding Test being a timeless Test that was played to a finish. England lead 1–0 going into the final timeless match at Durban. Despite the final Test being ‘timeless’ the game ended in a draw, after 10 days as England had to catch the train to catch the boat home. A record 1981 runs were scored, and the concept of timeless Tests was abandoned. England would go in one final tour of the West Indies in 1939 before World War II, although a team for an MCC tour of India was selected more in hope than expectation of the matches being played.
After World War II, England fell under difficult times suffering a heavy defeat 3–0 to Australia. This followed by a 4–0 loss to Bradman's 'invincibles' and a stunning 2–0 loss to the West Indies. These loses were tempered by victories against India and South Africa.
Their fortunes would change in the 1953 Ashes tour as they won the series 1–0. England would not lose a series between their 1950–51 and 1958–59 tours of Australia and secured famous victory in 1954–55 thanks to Typhoon Tyson whose 6–85 at Sydney and 7–27 at Melbourne are remembered as the fastest bowling ever seen in Australia. The 1956 series was remembered for the bowling of Jim Laker who took 46 wickets at 9.62 which included bowling figures of 19/90 at Old Trafford. After drawing to South Africa, England defeated the West Indies and New Zealand comfortably. The England team would then leave for Australia in the 1958–59 season with a team that had been hailed as the strongest ever to leave on an Ashes tour but lost the series 4–0 as Richie Benaud's revitalised Australians were too strong.
The early and middle 1960s were poor periods for English cricket. Despite England's strength on paper, Australia held the Ashes and the West Indies dominated England in the early part of the decade. However, from 1968 to 1971 they played 27 consecutive Test matches without defeat, winning 9 and drawing 18 (including the abandoned Test at Melbourne in 1970–71). The sequence began when they drew with Australia at Lords in the Second Test of the 1968 Ashes series and ended in 1971 when India won the Third Test at the Oval by 4 wickets. They played 13 Tests with only one defeat immediately beforehand and so played a total of 40 consecutive Tests with only one defeat, dating from their innings victory over the West Indies at The Oval in 1966. During this period they beat New Zealand, India, the West Indies, Pakistan and, under Ray Illingworth's determined leadership, regained the The Ashes from Australia in 1970–71.
1971 to 2000
They then suffered a loss of form losing to India and a rising West Indian side. This culminated in a 4–1 defeat in the 1974–75 Ashes series. The inaugural 1975 Cricket World Cup saw England reach the semi-finals and was to be the turning point in England's fortunes. The results of the Kerry Packer's World Series Cricket (WCS) were felt in Test cricket with Australia and Pakistan losing many of its star players. England replaced captain Tony Greig, who had joined WCS, with Mike Brearley while Geoffrey Boycott returned from his Test exile. England would defeat a divided Australian side 3–0 in the centenary Ashes series. This was followed by a comfortable 4–0 win against Pakistan and a World Cup final appearance against the West Indies.
With Ian Botham and Bob Willis at their peak with the ball, Boycott and Graham Gooch opening the batting, and a young David Gower in the middle order, England had a promising team whose early results were encouraging. However, the team's lack of real quality was evidenced by a string of defeats, some heavy, against West Indies, the outstanding Test team at the time. England won the 1981 Ashes series 3–1, coming from behind after Brearley, who had retired, was reinstated as captain. The third Test at Headingley saw England win by 18 runs after following-on, only the second time in the history of England v Australia Tests that this has been achieved. After losing the Ashes in 1982–83, England recovered them in 1985 when they comfortably beat a poor Australian team. But England suffered two series "whitewashes" against the West Indies in 1984 and on the 1985–86 tour.
A shocked England team never truly recovered from this defeat and, although they managed to retain the Ashes in 1986–87, they would only win one further Test series in the 1980s against newcomers Sri Lanka. Australia meanwhile staged a recovery and easily defeated England in 1989 to begin a long period of domination.
England continued to decline through the 1990s, a situation not helped by squabbles between players and selectors. Another reason for their poor performances were the demands of County Cricket teams on their players, meaning that England could rarely field a full strength team on their tours. This would eventually lead to the ECB taking over the MCC as the governing body of England and the implementation of central contracts.
There was a string of disappointing results as England did not win a Test match for two and half years. However, England's performance in ODI cricket was still good, as they defeated Australia, the West Indies and South Africa to reach the final of the 1992 Cricket World Cup. Shortly after the World Cup Mike Atherton replaced Gooch as England captain but his captaincy was regarded as a failure with England winning only one Test series under his captaincy. A surprise win against South Africa in 1998 was England's first five Test series win since 1986–87, but this would be a false dawn as they were eliminated in the first round of the 1999 Cricket World Cup (which they hosted) and lost a home Test series against New Zealand 2–1, resulting in England being officially ranked as the worst Test nation at the end of the 20th century.
With the appointment of Duncan Fletcher as coach and Nasser Hussain as captain, England began to rebuild the team. They won four consecutive Test series which included impressive wins against West Indies (a first in 32 years) and Pakistan. England were still no match for Steve Waugh's Australia and lost the 2001 Ashes 4–1. Good results against India and Sri Lanka gave England some hope for the 2002–03 Ashes series but a 4–1 defeat showed that they were still inferior to Australia. But that setback did not stop England's resurgence as they defeated the West Indies 3–0 and followed up with whitewashes against New Zealand and the West Indies at home. A victory in the first Test against South Africa at Port Elizabeth meant England had won their eighth successive Test, their best sequence of Test match wins for 75 years.
In 2005, England under Michael Vaughan's captaincy and aided by Kevin Pietersen's batting in his maiden series (most notably 158 at the Oval), and Andrew Flintoff's superb all-round performances, defeated Australia 2–1 to regain the Ashes for the first time in 18 years. Following the 2005 Ashes win, the team suffered from a serious spate of injuries to key players such as Vaughan, Flintoff, Ashley Giles, Steve Harmison and Simon Jones. As a result, the team underwent an enforced period of transition.
In the home Test series victory against Pakistan in July and August 2006, several promising new players emerged. Most notable were the left-arm orthodox spin bowler Monty Panesar, the first Sikh to play Test cricket for England; and left-handed opening batsman Alastair Cook. Meanwhile England's injury problems allowed previously marginal Test players such as Paul Collingwood and Ian Bell to consolidate their places in the team.
The 2006–07 Ashes series was keenly anticipated and was expected to provide a level of competition comparable to the 2005 series. In the event, England, captained by Flintoff, lost all 5 Tests to concede the first Ashes whitewash in 86 years.
England's form in ODIs had been consistently poor. They only narrowly avoided the ignominy of having to play in the qualifying rounds of the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy. Despite this, in the ODI triangular in Australia, England recorded its first ODI tournament win overseas since 1997. But, in the 2007 Cricket World Cup, England lost to most of the Test playing nations they faced, beating only the West Indies and Bangladesh, although they also avoided defeat by any of the non-Test playing nations. Even so, the unimpressive nature of most of their victories in the tournament, combined with heavy defeats by New Zealand, Australia and South Africa, left many commentators criticising the manner in which the England team approached the one-day game. Coach Duncan Fletcher resigned after eight years in the job as a result and was succeeded by former Sussex coach Peter Moores.
Since then, England's Test record has been indifferent and the team has slumped to fifth in the ICC rankings. There was a convincing 3–0 Test series win over West Indies in 2007 but it was followed in the second half of the summer by a 1–0 loss to India, although England did defeat India 4–3 in the ODI series.
In 2007, England toured Sri Lanka and New Zealand, losing the first series 1–0 and winning the second 2–1. They followed up at home in May 2007 with a 2–0 win against New Zealand, these results easing the pressure on Moores, who was not at ease with his team, particularly Pietersen, who succeeded Vaughan as captain in 2008, after England had been well beaten by South Africa at home.
The poor relationship between Moores and Pietersen came to a head in India on the 2008–09 tour. England lost the series 1–0 and both men resigned their positions, although Pietersen remained a member of the England team. Against this background, England toured the West Indies and, in a disappointing performance, lost the Test series 1–0. Almost immediately, they played West Indies in a home series which they won 1–0.
The second Twenty20 World Cup was held in England in 2009 but England suffered an opening day defeat to the Netherlands. They recovered to defeat both eventual champions Pakistan and reigning champions India but were then knocked out by West Indies.
This was followed by the 2009 Ashes series which featured the first Test match played in Wales, at SWALEC Stadium, Cardiff. England drew that match thanks to a last wicket stand by bowlers James Anderson and Monty Panesar. They won the second Test at Lords while the rain-affected third Test at Edgbaston was drawn. In the fourth Test at Headingley, England suffered one of their worst results for some years and were heavily beaten by an innings. The series was decided at The Oval, where England had to win to recover the Ashes. Thanks to fine bowling by Stuart Broad and Graeme Swann and a debut century by Jonathan Trott, England won by 177 runs.
After a drawn Test series in South Africa, England won their ICC tournament, the 2010 ICC World Twenty20. The following winter, they beat Australia 3-1 to retain the Ashes; their first series win in Australia for 24 years, which included three innings victories.
This victory has left England in third place in the ICC rankings, whilst back-to-back Ashes defeats have contributed to Australia falling from first to fifth.
Test One Day International Twenty20 Test One Day International Twenty20
Last match won 4th Test v Pakistan 2010 5th ODI v Pakistan 2010 2nd T20 v Pakistan 2010 5th Test v Australia 2010-11 1st ODI v Netherlands in 2011 World Cup 1st T20 v Australia 2011
Last match lost 3rd Test v Pakistan 2010 4th ODI v Pakistan 2010 ICC World T20 v West Indies 2009 3rd Test v Australia 2010-11 4th ODI v Australia 2011 2nd T20 v Australia 2011
Last series won Pakistan 2010 Pakistan 2010 Pakistan 2010 Australia 2010-11 Bangladesh 2010 New Zealand 2008
Last series lost South Africa 2008 Australia 2009 West Indies 2009 India 2008 West Indies 2009
- Source: Cricinfo.com. Last updated: 26 July 2010. Source:Cricinfo.com. Last updated: 26 July 2010. Source:Cricinfo.com. Last updated: 7 December 2009. Source:Cricinfo.com. Last updated: 24 March 2010. Source:Cricinfo.com. Last updated: 24 March 2010. Source:Cricinfo.com. Last updated: 24 March 2010.
England is touring Australia between November 2010 and February 2011.
England will participate in the 2011 World Cup between February and April which will hosted by India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
England will host India in 2011. The teams will contest 4 Test matches, 5 ODI matches and a Twenty20 match.
England will host Sri Lanka in 2011.
England will visit Ireland in August 2011. The teams will play a single ODI.
England have traditionally been one of the stronger teams in international cricket, fielding a competitive side for most of cricket's history. Up to the end of 2007 England had played 867 Test matches, winning 301 (34.72%), losing 252 (29.06%), and drawing 314 (36.22%) 639 players had been capped for their country. Up to the Super 8 World Cup match against Australia on April 8, 2007, England had played 464 ODIs, winning 224 (48.28%), losing 221 (47.63%), tying 4 (0.86%) and having 15 (3.23%) with no result. 203 players had played for England in One Day International matches up to that date.
After Australia won The Ashes for the first time in 1881–82 England had to fight with them for primacy and one of the fiercest rivalries in sport dominated the cricket world for seventy years. In 1963 this duopoly of cricket dominance began to fall away with the emergence of a strong West Indies team.
England failed to win a series against the West Indies between 1969 and 2000. England similarly failed to compete with Australia for a long period and the The Ashes stayed in Australian hands between 1989 and 2005. England struggled against other nations over this period as well and after a series loss to New Zealand in 1999 they were ranked at the bottom of the ICC Test cricket ratings. From 2000, English cricket had a resurgence and England reached the final of the ICC Champions Trophy in 2004 and regained The Ashes in 2005. The team was second behind Australia in the Test rankings following victory in the 2005 Ashes series, although the 2006–07 whitewash, coupled with a 2008 series defeat to South Africa, and the 2008–09 series loss to the West Indies means England are ranked 5th in the ICC Test rankings as of May 2009. ODI performances have been very poor with England falling to 7th place in the ICC rankings.
In the 2006/07 tour of Australia The Ashes were lost in a 0–5 "whitewash" (see 2006-07 Ashes series) but England did succeed in clinching victory in the Commonwealth bank ODI Tri-series against Australia and New Zealand. The loss of The Ashes prompted the announcement by the England and Wales Cricket Board of an official review of English cricket amid much criticism from the media, former players and fans. England failed to reach the semi finals of the 2007 World Cup in the West Indies after defeats against New Zealand, Sri Lanka and South Africa.
In the summer of 2009 England regained The Ashes in a 2–1 series win with a 197 run victory against Australia at the Brit Oval, Kennington, London (20–23 August). Andrew Strauss was named nPower Man of the Series and all-rounder Andrew Flintoff retired from international Test cricket at the end of the 5th Test.
England and Wales Cricket Board
The England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) is the governing body of English cricket and the England cricket team. The Board has been operating since 1 January 1997 and represents England on the International Cricket Council. The ECB is also responsible for the generation of income from the sale of tickets, sponsorship and broadcasting rights, primarily in relation to the England team. The ECB's income in the 2006 calendar year was £77.0 million.
Prior to 1997 the Test and County Cricket Board (TCCB) was the governing body for the English team. Apart from in Test matches, when touring abroad the England team officially played as MCC up to and including the 1976–77 tour of Australia, reflecting the time when MCC had been responsible for selecting the touring party. The last time the England touring team wore the bacon-and-egg colours of the MCC was on the 1996–97 tour of New Zealand.
England's kit is manufactured by Adidas, who replaced previous manufacturer Admiral on 1 April 2008.
When playing Test cricket, England's cricket whites feature red piping across the chest and trouser legs. The three lions badge is on the left of the shirt and the name and logo of the sponsor Brit Insurance is on the right. The Adidas logo features on the right sleeve. English fielders may wear a navy blue cap or sun hat with the ECB logo in the middle. Helmets are coloured similarly.
In limited overs cricket, England's ODI and Twenty20 shirts feature the Brit Insurance logo across the centre, with the three lions badge on the left of the shirt and the Adidas logo on the right. England wear a navy shirt with red trim and navy trousers. They have also used an all red kit in some Twenty20's and in the 2009 ODI series against Australia.
Until January 2010, Vodafone were the official shirt sponsor across all formats in a long-lasting deal.
Cricket grounds in England and Wales
Test and ODI
Order of date first used for Test match
The Oval, London (Surrey)
Old Trafford, Manchester (Lancashire)
Lord's, London (Middlesex)
Trent Bridge, Nottingham (Nottinghamshire)
Headingley, Leeds (Yorkshire)
Edgbaston, Birmingham (Warwickshire)
Riverside, Durham (County Durham)
SWALEC Stadium, Cardiff (Glamorgan)
Rose Bowl, Southampton. Test and ODI status from summer 2011 (Hampshire)
Statistics and records
1979: Runners up
1987: Runners up
1992: Runners up
1999: Group Stage
2003: Group Stage
2007: Super Eight (Quarter-Final) Stage
ICC Champions Trophy
(known as the "ICC Knockout" in 1998 and 2000)
2002: Group Stage
2004: Runners up
2006: Group Stage
ICC World Twenty20
2007: Super Eight (Quarter-Final) Stage
2009: Super Eight (Quarter-Final) Stage
England record in Test matches
England Test cricket records
Won Tied Lost Drawn Total
v Australia home 45 0 47 64 156
away 57 0 86 27 170
total 102 0 133 91 326
v Bangladesh home 4 0 0 0 4
away 4 0 0 0 4
total 8 0 0 0 8
v India home 23 0 5 20 48
away 11 0 14 26 51
total 34 0 19 46 99
v New Zealand home 27 0 4 19 50
away 18 0 4 22 44
total 45 0 8 41 94
v Pakistan home 20 0 9 18 47
away 2 0 4 18 24
total 22 0 13 36 71
v South Africa home 27 0 11 23 61
away 29 0 18 30 77
total 56 0 29 53 138
v Sri Lanka home 5 0 2 3 10
away 3 0 4 4 11
total 8 0 6 7 21
v West Indies home 30 0 29 21 80
away 13 0 24 28 65
total 43 0 53 49 145
v Zimbabwe home 3 0 0 1 4
away 0 0 0 2 2
total 3 0 0 3 6
Home 184 0 107 169 460
Away 137 0 154 157 448
Overall 321 0 261 326 908
% Breakdown 35.21% 0% 28.80% 35.99% 100%
Table correct 7 January 2011
Highest team total: 907–7 dec v Australia at The Oval in 1938
Lowest team total: 45 v Australia at Sydney in 1886/87
Most matches: 133 Tests – Alec Stewart
Longest Serving Captain: 54 Tests – Michael Atherton
Most runs: 8,900 – Graham Gooch
Best average: 61.53 – Jonathan Trott
Highest individual score: 364 – Len Hutton v Australia at The Oval in 1938
Record partnership: 411 – Colin Cowdrey and Peter May v West Indies at Birmingham in 1957
Most centuries: 22 – Wally Hammond, Colin Cowdrey and Geoffrey Boycott
England's most prolific opening partnership was Jack Hobbs and Herbert Sutcliffe. In 38 innings they averaged 87.81 for the first wicket, with 15 century partnerships and 10 others of 50 or more.
Most ducks: 21 – Steve Harmison
Most wickets: 383 – Ian Botham
Best average: 10.75 – George Lohmann
Best innings bowling: 10/53 – Jim Laker v Australia at Manchester in 1956
Best match bowling: 19/90 – Jim Laker v Australia at Manchester in 1956
Best strike rate: 34.1 – George Lohmann
Best economy rate: 1.31 – William Attewell
5 England bowlers have taken 4 wickets in an over, 3 of these at Headingley. Maurice Allom for England v New Zealand at Christchurch in 1929–30, Kenneth Cranston for England v South Africa at Headingley in 1947, Fred Titmus for England v New Zealand at Headingley in 1965, Chris Old for England v Pakistan at Edgbaston in 1978 and Andy Caddick for England v West Indies at Headingley in 2000.
Most catches by an outfielder: 120 – Ian Botham and Colin Cowdrey
Most dismissals as wicketkeeper: 277 – Alec Stewart
Most dismissals in an innings: 7 – Bob Taylor v India at Bombay in 1979/80
Most dismissals in a match: 11 – Jack Russell v South Africa at Johannesburg in 1995/96
England record in One Day Internationals
England One-Day International cricket records
Won Tied Lost No Result Total
v Australia home 20 2 25 1 48
away 20 - 36 1 57
neutral 2 - 6 - 8
total 42 2 67 2 113
v Bangladesh home 5 - 1 - 6
away 6 - - - 6
neutral 2 - - - 2
total 13 - 1 - 14
v Canada home 1 - - - 1
neutral 1 - - - 1
total 2 - - - 2
v East Africa home 1 - - - 1
v India home 15 - 11 2 28
away 13 - 21 - 34
neutral 2 - 6 - 8
total 30 - 38 2 70
v Ireland away 2 - - - 2
neutral 1 - - - 1
total 3 - - - 3
v Kenya home 1 - - - 1
neutral 1 - - - 1
total 2 - - - 2
v Namibia neutral 1 - - - 1
v Netherlands neutral 3 - - - 3
v New Zealand home 9 - 5 1 15
away 13 2 16 2 33
neutral 6 - 10 - 16
total 28 2 31 3 64
v Pakistan home 22 - 13 1 36
away 9 - 10 - 19
neutral 7 - 5 1 13
total 38 - 28 2 68
v South Africa home 10 - 5 1 16
away 7 1 15 2 25
neutral 3 - 4 - 7
total 20 1 24 3 48
v Sri Lanka home 8 - 7 - 15
away 4 - 9 - 13
neutral 11 - 5 - 16
total 23 - 21 - 44
v United Arab Emirates neutral 1 - - - 1
v West Indies home 16 - 15 2 33
away 13 - 22 3 38
neutral 11 - 6 - 17
total 40 - 43 5 88
v Zimbabwe home 6 - 2 1 9
away 12 - 3 - 15
neutral 3 - 3 - 6
total 21 - 8 1 30
Home 114 2 84 9 209
Away 99 3 132 8 242
Neutral 55 - 47 1 103
Overall 268 5 263 18 554
Correct as up to 22 February 2011
Highest team total: 391–4 (50 overs) v Bangladesh at Nottingham in 2005
Lowest team total: 86–10 (32.4 overs) v Australia at Manchester in 2001
Most matches: 189 – Paul Collingwood
England is one of only two Test-playing nations (the other being Bangladesh) to have no players over the 200-cap milestone in ODIs
Longest Serving Captain: 60 matches – Michael Vaughan
Most runs: 4978 – Paul Collingwood
Best average: 44.25 – Eoin Morgan (minimum 20 matches, as of 20 Aug 2010)
Highest individual score: 167* – Robin Smith v Australia at Birmingham in 1993
Record partnership: 250 – Jonathan Trott and Andrew Strauss v Bangladesh at Birmingham in 2010
Most centuries: 12 – Marcus Trescothick
Most wickets: 234 – Darren Gough
Best average: 19.45 – Mike Hendrick
Best bowling: 6/31 – Paul Collingwood v Bangladesh at Nottingham in 2005
Best strike rate: 32.2 – James Anderson
Best economy rate: 3.27 – Mike Hendrick
Most dismissals: 163 – Alec Stewart
Most dismissals in a match: 6 – Alec Stewart v Zimbabwe at Manchester in 2000; Matt Prior v South Africa at Nottingham in 2008
Most England Test caps
English Test cricketers
133 Alec Stewart
118 Graham Gooch
117 David Gower
115 Mike Atherton
114 Colin Cowdrey
108 Geoff Boycott
102 Ian Botham
100 Graham Thorpe
96 Nasser Hussain
95 Alan Knott
91 Godfrey Evans
90 Bob Willis
86 Derek Underwood
85 Wally Hammond
82 Ken Barrington
82 Andrew Strauss
82 Michael Vaughan
79 Mike Gatting
79 Allan Lamb
79 Tom Graveney
players who have played for England in the past year, and the forms in which they have played.
S/N = Shirt number
Name Age Batting style Bowling style Domestic team Forms S/N
Test and ODI captain; opening batsman
Andrew Strauss 33 Left-handed bat Left-arm medium Middlesex Test, ODI 14
Test and ODI vice-captain; opening batsman
Alastair Cook 26 Left-handed bat Right-arm off-break Essex Test, ODI 26
Twenty20 captain; all-rounder
Paul Collingwood1 34 Right-handed bat Right-arm medium Durham Test, ODI, Twenty20 5
Michael Carberry 30 Left-handed bat Right-arm off-break Hampshire Test 49
Joe Denly 24 Right-handed bat Right-arm leg-break Kent Twenty20 2
Michael Lumb 31 Left-handed bat Right-arm medium Hampshire Twenty20 45
Ian Bell 28 Right-handed bat Right-arm medium Warwickshire Test, ODI, Twenty20 7
Ravi Bopara 25 Right-handed bat Right-arm medium Essex ODI, Twenty20 42
Eoin Morgan 24 Left-handed bat Right-arm medium Middlesex Test, ODI, Twenty20 16
Kevin Pietersen 30 Right-handed bat Right-arm off-break Surrey Test, ODI, Twenty20 24
Jonathan Trott 29 Right-handed bat Right-arm medium Warwickshire Test, ODI, Twenty20 4
Steven Davies 24 Left-handed bat — Surrey ODI, Twenty20 43
Craig Kieswetter 23 Right-handed bat — Somerset ODI, Twenty20 22
Matt Prior 29 Right-handed bat — Sussex Test, ODI, Twenty20 23
Tim Bresnan 25 Right-handed bat Right-arm fast-medium Yorkshire Test, ODI, Twenty20 20
Luke Wright 25 Right-handed bat Right-arm medium-fast Sussex ODI, Twenty20 6
Michael Yardy 30 Left-handed bat Slow left-arm orthodox Sussex ODI, Twenty20 40
James Anderson 28 Left-handed bat Right-arm fast-medium Lancashire Test, ODI, Twenty20 9
Stuart Broad 24 Left-handed bat Right-arm fast-medium Nottinghamshire Test, ODI, Twenty20 8
Steven Finn 21 Right-handed bat Right-arm fast-medium Middlesex Test, ODI 25
Liam Plunkett 25 Right-handed bat Right-arm medium-fast Durham ODI 17
Ajmal Shahzad 25 Right-handed bat Right-arm fast-medium Yorkshire Test, ODI, Twenty20 13
Ryan Sidebottom2 33 Left-handed bat Left-arm fast-medium Nottinghamshire ODI, Twenty20 18
Chris Tremlett 29 Right-handed bat Right-arm fast-medium Surrey Test, ODI 33
Chris Woakes 21 Right-handed bat Right-arm medium-fast Warwickshire ODI, Twenty20 31
Graeme Swann 31 Right-handed bat Right-arm off-break Nottinghamshire Test, ODI, Twenty20 66
James Tredwell 29 Left-handed bat Right-arm off-break Kent Test, ODI 53
1Paul Collingwood retired from Test cricket in January 2011.
2Ryan Sidebottom retired from international duty in September 2010.
Managing director, England Cricket: Hugh Morris
Managing director, Cricket Partnerships: Mike Gatting
Team manager: Phil Neale
England teams director: Andy Flower
Fast bowling coaches: David Saker
Spin bowling coaches: Mushtaq Ahmed
Batting coach: Graham Gooch
Fielding coach: Richard Halsall
Sports analyst (Tests): Nathan Leamon
Sports analyst (ODIs): Gemma Broad
Chief medical officer: Dr. Nick Peirce
Team physiotherapist: Kirk Russell
Strength and conditioning coach: Huw Bevan
Team psychologist: Mark Bawden
Masseur: Nathan Atlay
Media manager: James Avery
Kit man: Tom Smith
Eligibility of players
The England cricket team represents England and Wales. However, under ICC regulations, players can qualify to play for a country by nationality, place of birth or residence, so (as with any national sports team) some people are eligible to play for more than one team.
ECB regulations state that to play for England, a player must be a British or Irish citizen, and have either been born in England or Wales, or have lived in England or Wales for the last four years. This has led to players of many other nationalities becoming eligible to play for England.
Of the current squad (see above), Andrew Strauss, Matt Prior, Kevin Pietersen, Jonathan Trott, Craig Kieswetter and Michael Lumb are all South-African-born but qualify through British parentage (though they still had to fulfil residency requirements), whilst Eoin Morgan is an Irish citizen.
England have been captained by a Scot (Mike Denness), four South African-born players (Tony Greig, Allan Lamb, Andrew Strauss and Kevin Pietersen), three Indian-born players (Douglas Jardine, Colin Cowdrey and Nasser Hussain), Italian-born (Ted Dexter) and Australian-born (Gubby Allen). South African Cape Coloured player Basil D'Oliveira famously played for England during the Apartheid era, whilst other notable players of the past 20 years include Graeme Hick (Zimbabwe), Andrew Caddick (New Zealand) and Geraint Jones (Papua New Guinea/Australia).
Further, ICC regulations allow cricketers who represent associate (i.e. non-Test-playing) nations to switch to a Test-playing nation, provided nationality requirements are fulfilled. In recent years, this has seen Irish internationals Ed Joyce and Eoin Morgan switch to represent England, whilst Gavin Hamilton previously played for Scotland - though four years after his last appearance for England, he became eligible to play for Scotland again.