Melania Trump Club

Sunday, February 27, 2011

Near net shape

Near net shape is an industrial manufacturing technique. The name implies that the initial production of the item is very close to the final (net) shape, reducing the need for surface finishing. Reducing traditional finishing such as machining or grinding eliminates more than two-thirds of the production costs in some industries.

Processes

The following are various near net shape process categorized by material.
Ceramics
Gel casting
Spray forming
Structural ceramic production

Composites
Lanxide process

Plastics
Injection molding
Rapid prototyping

Metals
Casting
Permanent mold casting
Powder metallurgy
Linear friction welding
Metal injection molding
Rapid prototyping
Spray forming
Superplastic forming

(source:wikipeia)

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