Arabic: الزاوية, Az Zāwiyah
Az Zawiyah (also known as or Ez or Al Zawiyah or Zawiya or Zawia or Zavia or Zauia), (Arabic: الزاوية, transliteration: Az Zāwiyah), (variants: Az Zawiyah Al Gharbiyah, Arabic: الزاوية الغربية, Ḩārat az Zāwiyah, Al Ḩārah, El-Hára and Haraf Az Zāwīyah), is a city of northwestern Libya situated on the Mediterranean coast about 40 km (25 mi) west of Tripoli. Az Zawiyah is the capital of a shabiyah (district) with the same name (see Az Zawiyah District).
In the Libyan censuses of 1973 and 1984, the city counted about 100,000, it was then and possibly it continues to be today the fourth largest city in Libya by population (after Tripoli, Benghazi and Misratah). In 2006, the Az Zawiyah District was estimated to have a population of about 291,000, half of which or more was concentrated in the city. Az Zawiyah has a university named the Seventh of April University which was founded in 1988. There also an oil field nearby the city and Az Zawiyah has one of the two most important oil refineries in Libya.
2011 Libyan uprising
Main article: Battle of Az Zawiyah
Following the 2011 Libyan uprising, the city is reported to be under control of the Libyan opposition and not the government of Muammar al-Gaddafi. However, as of the 24th February, fighting apparently continues in the city. The same day anti-Gaddafi forces repelled an attack. In a phone call specifically aimed at its residents, Gaddafi said the protesters were young people that had been duped into "destruction and sabotage" with drugs and alcohol.