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Monday, December 13, 2010

List of Christmas dishes

This Blog list is a list of Christmas dishes as eaten around the world. These food items are traditionally eaten at or associated with the Christmas season.

candy canes
roast turkey, chicken and ham
Christmas cake or Christmas pudding (traditionally in the UK and adapted to Australia, with a small treat baked inside, eg a silver coin (a Threepence or Sixpence). Modern Australian coins however cannot be used as they are not silver, instead being cupro-nickel, which isn't safe to be cooked in foods due to contamination risks).
gingerbread in Christmas shapes
Christmas damper - soda bread in wreath or star shape, served with butter, jam, honey or golden syrup. Made in the Australian bush in the 19th century.
sweets, such as rocky road and rum balls
candy canes
cold turkey and cold ham 
seafood and salads 
White Christmas
summer fruits - e.g. cherries, berries, lychees, mango
cashews, macadamias
dried fruits - e.g. ginger, figs
Christmas pie
mince pies,
apple pie

cougnou (with various like cougnolle), sweet bread in the form of the infant Jesus

lombo à Califórnia - pork loins
rabanada - French toast
pernil - roast pork
perú - roast turkey
bacalhau - codfish
farofa - raw manioc flour roasted with butter, salt, bacon or smoked meat, and spices, with a smoky and slightly salty taste
Brazil nut

Gingerbread house
apple cider
bûche de Noël
butter tarts
candy canes
Christmas pudding
gingerbread, often in the form of a Gingerbread house or Gingerbread man
mixed nuts in the shell and spiced nuts
tourtière (pâté à la viande & Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean varieties)
pumpkin pie
mince pie
roast turkey
cranberry sauce

Pan de pascua
cola de mono - Chilean Christmas beverage, with aguardiente, milk, coffee, and flavoured with vanilla and cloves 
pan de Pascua - Chilean Christmas sponge cake flavoured with cloves and with bits of candied fruits, raisins, walnuts and almonds.
ponche crema - eggnog-style beverage

Colombian Buñuelos

Colombian natilla
Colombian Christmas dishes are mostly sweets and desserts. Some of the most popular dishes include:
Manjar Blanco
Sweet bread filled with fruits like raisins and raspberries.

Crema De Vie - Cuban eggnog, made with condensed milk, rum, sugar syrup, lemon rind, cinnamon, and egg yolk.
majarete - corn pudding made with coconut milk, fresh corn, cornstarch, milk, water, vanilla, cinnamon and sugar
Platillo Moros y Cristianos
lechon asado

Christmas cookies (vánoční cukroví)
vánoční rybí polévka - Christmas fish soup
potato salad with mayonnaise, hard-boiled eggs and boiled vegetables
vánoční cukroví - Christmas cookies
The traditional meal (served as dinner on Christmas Eve) consists of either fish soup or pea soup and fried fish (traditionally carp) served with potato salad. The recipe for potato salad differs slightly among every Czech family. The main ingredients are: potato cooked with jacket, canned peas, onions, cooked carrots, parsley and celery, pickled gherkins, cooked eggs and mayonnaise. Some families may add grated apples or salami. The best potato salad is prepared a day before Christmas Eve so that all the ingredients can "mellow" for a day. The Christmas dinner should be the first food consumed that day. Those who do not break the Christmas shrove are believed to be able to see a golden pig on a wall.
Before the Christmas holidays, many kinds of sweet biscuits are prepared. Traditionally, the more kinds the housewife prepares, the greater appreciation she gets. The Christmas cookies are then served during the whole Christmas period and exchanged among friends and neighbours. Very popular is also a preparation of small ginger breads garnished by sugar icing.

Danish Christmas meal
Main article: Cuisine of Denmark
æbleskiver - traditional Danish spherical pancakes (a type of doughnut with no hole), sprinkled with powdered sugar and served with raspberry or strawberry jam
roasted chestnuts with salt and butter
boiled whole potatoes
brun sovs (brown sauce) - a traditional dark gravy, used to cover meat dishes like roasted pork and duck (flæskesteg, andesteg) and the boiled potato
brunede kartofler - caramelised potatoes
Julebryg - Christmas beer 
gløgg - mulled red wine combined with spices and sugar, typically served warm.
risalamande - rice pudding. A dish made from rice, whipped cream and almonds, served cold with cherry sauce (kirsebærsauce)
flæskesteg - roast pork steak with cracklings
andesteg - roast duck with apple and prune stuffing
rødkål - red cabbage pickled, sweet-sour red cabbage served as a side dish
Christmas cookies - Vaniljekranse, jødekager, pebernødder, honningkager og finskbrød.
konfekt, marcipan, caramelised fruits, nougat and chocolate-covered nuts.

Moro de guandules con coco - rice with pigeon peas and coconut milk
ponche - eggnog
majarete - corn pudding made with coconut milk, fresh corn, cornstarch, milk, water, vanilla, cinnamon and sugar
Russian potato salad - not Dominican but has become a tradition. Some Dominicans add pigeon peas
Macaroni salad - American macaroni salad
Pasteles de hojas - Root tamales
Jengibre - ginger tea
Pig roast
Pollo al Orno - Roasted Chicken
Telera - Mexican bread
Fruit platter - Consists of oranges, apples, bananas, grapes, and mangos
Cheese and guava platter - a platter with squared white cheese, yellow potato cheese, soda crackers, and guava paste chunks

Main article: Cuisine of Finland

Christmas Chocolate Santa
Christmas smorgasbord from Finland, "Joulupöytä", (translated "Yule table"), a traditional display of Christmas food) served at Christmas in Finland, similar to the Swedish smörgåsbord, including:
Christmas ham with mustard (almost every family has one for Christmas)
turkey (kalkkuna)
freshly salted salmon (gravlax graavilohi)
pickled herring in various forms (tomato, mustard, matjes or onion sauces)
lutefisk and Béchamel sauce 
whitefish and pikeperch
liver casserole
potato casserole  (sweetened or not, depending on preference)
boiled potatoes
carrot casserole 
rutabaga casserole (lanttulaatikko)
rosolli (salad from boiled beetroots, carrots, potatoes, apples and pickled cucumber. If served with herring, it becomes herring-salad, sillisalaatti)
various sauces
assortment of cheese, most commonly (leipäjuusto) and Aura (aura-juusto)
Christmas bread, usually sweet bread (Joululimppu)
Karelian pasties, rice pasties, served with egg-butter (Karjalanpiirakka)
Other meat dishes could be:
Karelian hot pot, traditional meat stew originating from the region of Karelia (Karjalanpaisti)
reindeer (in northern Finland) (poro)
cold smoked salmon (kylmäsavulohi)
rice pudding or rice porridge topped with cinnamon, sugar and cold milk or with mixed fruit soup (riisipuuro)
gingerbread, sometimes in the form of a gingerbread house or gingerbread man (piparkakut)
chocolate (given as presents, eaten in-between meals, called suklaa)
prune jam pastries (Joulutortut)
mixed fruit soup or prune soup (sekahedelmäkiisseli, luumukiisseli)
glogg or mulled wine (glögi)
Christmas beer (Jouluolut)
home beer (non-alcoholic beer-like drink) (kotikalja)
red wine (punaviini)
Marski's tipple (akvavit, vermouth and gin) (Marskin ryyppy)
milk (maito)
sour milk (often drunk by older people)
coffee (kahvi)

Foie gras en cocotte
foie gras
smoked salmon
crêpes (Brittany)
chapon (roasted chicken)
dinde aux marrons (chestnut-stuffed turkey)
ganzeltopf (goose) (Alsace)
bûche de Noël.

kouglof (Alsace)
berauwecka (dried-fruit cake) (Alsace)
thirteen desserts (Provence): The thirteen desserts are the traditional Christmas dessert in the French region of Provence. The Christmas supper ends with 13 dessert items, representing Jesus Christ and the 12 apostles. The desserts are traditionally set out Christmas Eve and remain on the table three days until December 27.
quince cheese
casse-dents of Allauch (biscuit)
calisson of Aix-en-Provence
nougat blanc
nougat noir au miel
winter melon
fougasse (Provençal bread)

A Christmas Stollen
Christstollen Stollen is a fruitcake with bits of candied fruits, raisins, walnuts and almonds and spices such as cardamom and cinnamon; sprinkled with icing sugar. Often there's also a core of marzipan.
Pfefferkuchenhaus - a gingerbread house decorated with candies, sweets and sugar icing (in reference to the gingerbread house of the fairy tale Hänsel und Gretel)
Weisswurst - sausages with veal and bacon, usually flavoored with parsley, lemon, mace, onions, ginger and cardamom
Kartoffelsalat (potato salad) with Wiener (sausages) is traditionally eaten in northern Germany for lunch on Christmas Eve
Schäufele (a corned, smoked ham) usually served with potato salad in southern Germany for dinner on Christmas Eve.
Oblaten Lebkuchen
Weihnachtsplätzchen (Christmas cookies)
Roasted goose

ponche (Christmas fruit punch served hot with lots of fruits)
pavo (Turkey)
buñuelos (Fluffy sweet dessert made with corn with maple syrup)
chicken (Prepared with different stuffings and accompanied with various side dishes such as salads or rice)
fish (Prepared with different spices and side dishes based on rice and coconut, very typical of the northern areas of Guatemala)

ginger bread
roasted turkey
roasted chicken

Töltött káposzta
fish soup (halászlé) various recipes
stuffed cabbage (töltött káposzta)
roast goose
roast duck
roast turkey
pastry roll filled with walnut or poppy seed (bejgli)
bread pudding with poppy seed (mákos guba or bobájka)

Hamborgarhryggur, a smoked, cured pork roast.
ptarmigan, gamebird in the grouse family.
Christmas ham
caramelised potatoes, Icelandic. Brúnaðar kartöflur (same as in Danish cuisine).
red cabbage
Möndlugrautur - a Christmas rice pudding with an almond hidden inside The same as the Swedish Julgröt.
smákökur - little cookies of various sorts.

Main article: Italian cuisine
panettone (Milan)
tortellini (Bologna)
pandoro (Verona)
panforte (Tuscany)
prosecco (Veneto)
spumante (Piedmont)

Christmas cake - Different from a UK Christmas cake or American fruitcake, the Japanese style Christmas cake is a white cream cake, often sponge cake frosted with whipped cream, topped with strawberries and with a chocolate plate that says Merry Christmas.

twelve-dish Christmas Eve supper - twelve dishes representing the twelve Apostles or twelve months of the year - plays the main role in Lithuanian Christmas tradition. The traditional dishes are served on December 24.
poppy milk (aguonų pienas)
slizikai ( or kūčiukai) - slightly sweet small pastries made from leavened dough and poppy seed
auselės (Deep fried dumplings)
herring with carrots (silkė su morkomis')
herring with mushrooms (silkė su grybais')
spanguolių kisielius - cranberry and milk sauce dessert

Christmas roast
Ensalada de Noche Buena - Christmas Eve Salad
bacalao - clipfish or cod
romeritos - small green leaves of a particular type mixed generally with mole and potatoes; generally accompanied with "tortitas de camarón" (shrimp bread)
pavo - Turkey
tamales - Some Mexican families, particularly in the northern part of Mexico and southern American states have tamales only at Christmas Eve instead of the typical Bacalao, Romeritos and/or Turkey.
ponche - a hot, sweet drink made with apples, sugar cane, prunes and tejocotes. For grown-ups, ponche is never complete without its "piquete" - either tequila or rum

A homemade Christmas pavlova decorated with pomegranate seeds and Chantilly cream.
Christmas pudding
Christmas mince pies
brandy snaps
potato salad

Scandinavian-style gingerbread
gløgg - mulled wine
Julepølse - Pork sausage made with powdered ginger, cloves, mustard seeds and nutmeg. Served steamed or roasted.
lutefisk - fish preserved with lye that has been washed and boiled
pinnekjøtt - salted, dried, and smoked lamb's ribs which are rehydrated and then steamed, traditionally over birch branches
svineribbe - pork ribs roasted whole with the skin on, rather than spare ribs
Julegrøt - Christmas rice pudding with an almond hidden inside
sossiser - small Christmas sausages
medisterkaker - Large meatballs made from a mix of pork meat and pork fat
rødkål - sweet and sour red cabbage, as a side dish
kålrabistappe - Purée of rutabaga, as a sidedish to pinnekjøtt
pepperkake - gingerbread-like spice cookies flavoured with black pepper
lussekatter - St. Lucia Buns

Large bibingka from the Philippines
queso de bola (edam cheese)
puto bumbong - a purple-coloured Filipino dessert made of sweet rice cooked in hollow bamboo tubes placed on a special steamer-cooker. When cooked, they are spread with margarine and sprinkled with sugar and grated coconut.
bibingka - traditional dessert made with rice flour, sugar, clarified butter and coconut milk. baked in layers and topped with butter and sugar.
salads(either fruit, coconut or garden)
Filipino style spaghetti

See also: Twelve-dish Christmas Eve supper
kutia sweet grain pudding
barszcz or borscht - vegetable soup with red beets
bigos - savory stew of cabbage and meat
makowiec - poppy-seed cake
uszka - small dumplings usually filled with mushrooms or minced meat.
kolduny - mushrooms or meat stuffed dumplings
pierogi with sauerkraut and mushrooms
fish soup
kielbasa - sausage
Polish salad - pötato salad
fried carp
carp in aspic
peas with cabbage
prune compote

perú assado - roasted turkey
bacalhau – codfish (any recipe - there are more than 1001 ways to prepare it)
cabrito assadao - roasted goat
borrego assado - roasted lamb
polvo cozido - boiled octopus
Bolo Rei (King Cake) - a beautifully decorated fluffy fruitcake
Bolo-Rei Escangalhado (Broken King Cake)- it is like the first one, but has also cinnamon and chilacayote jam (doce de gila)
Bolo-Rei de Chocolate (Chocolate King Cake) - it is like the King Cake, but only has chilacayote jam, nuts, raisins and less (or no) fruit, which is replaced by lots of chocolate chips
Bolo-Rainha (Queen Cake) - similar to Bolo-Rei, but with only nuts, raisins and almonds
Bolo-Rei Escangalhado (Broken King Cake) - similar to the Bolo-Rei, but in its recipe are added cinnamon and chilacayote jam (gila)
Bolo-Rei de Chocolate - it is like the Bolo-Rei, but has less (or no) fruit, nuts, chilacayote jam and lots of chocolate chips
broa castelar - a small, soft and thin cake made of sweet potato and orange
fatias douradas - golden slices, known as french toast - slices of pan bread, soaked in egg with sugar, fried and sprinkled with powdered sugar and cinnamon
rabanadas - they are like fatias douradas, but made with common bread
formigos - a delicious dessert made with sugar, eggs, pieces of bread, almonds, port wine and powdered with cinnamon
filhoses - depending on the region, the may be thin or fluffy pieces of a fried dough made of eggs, honey, orange, lemon, flour and anise, sprinkled - or not with icing sugar
coscorões - thin squares of a fried orange flavoured dough
azevias de grão, batata-doce ou gila - deep fried thin dough pastries filled with a delicious cream made of chickpea, sweet potato or chilacayote, powdered with sugar and cinnamon
tarte de amêndoa - almond pie
tronco de Natal - Christmas log - a delicious Swiss roll, resembling a tree's trunk, filled with chocolate cream, decorated with chocolate and mini - 2 cm Christmas trees
brigadeiros - creamy chocolate balls
lampreia de ovos - a sweet made of eggs, well decorated
sonhos - an orange flavoured fried yeast dough, powdered with icing sugar
velhoses - they are like the sonhos, but made with pumpkin
bolo de Natal - Christmas cake
pudim de Natal - Christmas pudding
chocolate quente - hot chocolate
vinho quente - eggnog made with boiled wine, egg yolk, sugar and cinnamon

Puerto Rico

arroz con dulce - rice pudding with spices, milk, coconut milk and coconut cream.
arroz con gandules - yellow-rice and pigeon peas with olives, capers, and pieces of ham.
coquito - Puerto Rican spiced coconut eggnog.
majarete - rice and coconut custard, made of coconut milk, milk, rice flour, sugar, and vanilla or sour orange leaves with cinnamon served on top.
ensalada de pulpo - octopus salad
pasta de guayaba con queso - guava paste with Puerto Rican white cheese, sharp cheddar, manchego, and/or gouda on a soda cracker.
guineitos en escabeche - boiled green bananas in Puerto Rican style escabeche.
pasteles de guineo
pasteles de yucca
pastelón - sweet plantain "lasagna" smiler to pionono.
pig roast
potato salad - made with chorizo and hard-boiled eggs.
tembleque - a pudding made with coconut milk, milk, sugar and cornstarch. Cinnamon, vanilla, and orange blossom water can also be added.

piftie - pork and beef based aspic, with pork meat, vegetables and garlic
cârnaţi - pork-based sausages
tobā - various cuttings of pork, liver boiled, diced and "packed" in pork stomach like a salami
sarmale - rolls of cabbage pickled in brine and filled with meat and rice (see sarma)
cozonac, sort of Romanian equivalent of panettone
Strong spirits:

Main article: Serbian cuisine
fish soup for the Christmas Eve
koljivo - boiled wheat which is used liturgically in the Eastern Orthodox and Greek-Catholic churches
Česnica - Christmas soda bread with a silver coin to bring health and good luck baked in the bread

roasted turkey
roasted lamb
langostinos - (king prawn)

yema - egg-based dessert
mantecados & polvorones - crumbly cakes
marzipan, almond cakes
King cake known as roscón de Reyes in Spanish and tortell in Catalan.


Julbord Christmas dinner in Sweden
Julbord - Christmas smorgasbord ("Christmas table"), a catch-all term for all the dishes served during Christmas Eve:
köttbullar - Swedish meatballs
Julskinka - Christmas ham
dopp i grytan ("dipping in the kettle") - dipping bread slices in the ham broth after boiling the Christmas ham.
prinskorv - small hot dog sausages
fläskkorv - pork sausages
isterband - smoked fresh pork sausage
revbensspjäll - spare ribs
inlagd sill - pickled herring (usually of different types)
gravad lax - lox
Janssons frestelse ("Jansson's Temptation") - warm scalloped potato casserole with anchovies
vörtlimpa - Swedish rye bread with grated orange peel made for Christmas, with or without raisins.
knäckebröd - dry crisp bread
rödkål - sweet and sour red cabbage, as a side dish
grönkål - sweet and sour kale as a side dish
brunkål ("brown cabbage")- cabbage flavoured with syrup hence the name
rödbetor - sliced beet root
an array of cheeses - bondost, herrgårdsost, prästost, Getost (hard goat milk cheese)
lutefisk - Lye-fish (whitefish) that has been boiled served with white gravy
Julmust - a traditional, very sweet, stout-like, Christmas soft drink, originally intended as an alternative to alcohol beverage called Mumma
glögg - mulled wine
knäck - Christmas toffee
pepparkakor (Gingerbread) - brown cookies flavoured with a variety of traditional Christmas spices
Julost - Christmas cheese
Julgröt - Christmas rice pudding with an almond hidden inside
lussekatter - Saint Lucy saffron buns

Main article: British cuisine

Christmas pudding
In the United Kingdom, what is now regarded as the traditional meal consists of roast turkey, served with roast potatoes and parsnips and other vegetables, followed by Christmas pudding, a heavy steamed pudding made with dried fruit, suet, and very little flour. Other roast meats may be served, and in the nineteenth century the traditional roast was goose. The same carries over to Ireland with some variations.
Brandy butter
Bread sauce
Brussels sprouts
Chocolate yule Log
Christmas cake
Christmas ham - Usually a honey or marmalade glazed roast or boiled Gammon joint.
Christmas pudding
Dundee cake, traditional Scottish fruit cake
Mince pies
Nut roast (a popular vegetarian alternative)
Pigs in a blanket - Chipolata sausages wrapped in bacon
Roast turkey
Roast beef
Roast duck
Roast goose
Roast pheasant
Roast potatoes - roasting with goose or duck fat is becoming more popular 

Roast turkey
apple cider
boiled custard
candy canes
Champagne, or sparkling apple cider
chicken and dumplings, primarily in the southern states.
Christmas cookies
cranberry sauce
Dungeness Crab, primarily in California
gingerbread, often in the form of a gingerbread house or gingerbread man
Christmas Ham
hot buttered rum
hot chocolate
mashed potato
mixed nuts
oyster stew, composed of oysters simmered in cream or milk and butter.
persimmon pudding
apple pie
mince pie
pecan pie
pumpkin pie
sweet potato pie
plum pudding
Russian tea cakes
roast turkey, less often roast duck, goose, or pheasant
Smithfield ham, often served on a biscuit or a roll
stuffing, also known as dressing, particularly in the Southern U.S.
lefse rolled with butter and sugar, particularly in Northern Wisconsin and Minnesota
See also: Thanksgiving (the dishes tend to be similar)

hallaca - rectangle-shaped meal made of maize, filled with beef, pork, olives, raisins and caper, and wrapped in plantain leaves
pan de jamón - ham-filled bread with olives and raisins
dulce de lechosa - dessert made of cooked sliced unripe papaya in sugar syrup
ensalada de gallina - salad made of potato, carrot, apple and shredded chicken
pernil - roast pork shoulder


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